The Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide convened civil society leaders from Ethiopia to discuss how best to measure transitional justice efforts in the country, and what benchmarks would be required for success. This post summarizes key points from that discussion.
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Civilians in Ethiopia have suffered war crimes and crimes against humanity over the past two years of armed conflict, including targeting on the basis of real or perceived identity. The Simon-Skjodt Center urges vigilance as civilians continue to face attacks despite an agreement to cease hostilities.
On November 2, following formal peace talks mediated by the African Union, the Ethiopian government and regional forces from Tigray have agreed to a permanent cessation of hostilities. But will justice follow peace in Ethiopia?
Although conflict frequently disrupts food systems, in the case of Ethiopia there are credible reports that parties to the conflict have destroyed food, crops, livestock, and civilian infrastructure such as water sources and that the Ethiopian federal government is responsible for deliberately starving civilians.
Hilary Matfess, PhD candidate and USIP Peace Scholar Fellow, discusses the latest developments in the crisis and what they mean for the risk of mass atrocities.