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Bosnia and Herzegovina

An estimated 100,000 people were killed during the conflict in Bosnia between 1992 and 1995, including the July 1995 genocide of 8,000 Bosnian Muslims from Srebrenica. Learn more about what happened and what the international community could have done to prevent it below.

  • Learn what led to the violence in Bosnia and what happened in its wake.

  • Bosnian Serb forces systematically executed as many as 8,000 Bosnian Muslim males in Srebrenica—the largest massacre in Europe since the Holocaust.

  • Hear from individuals who experienced or witnessed the violence and its repercussions firshand.

  • In July 2015, we observed the 20th anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre, in which Bosnian Serb troops killed some 8,000 Muslim men and boys from the UN–designated “safe area.” Controversy remains over who was to blame for the failure of this major international peacekeeping effort.

  • Our quantitative assessment, from the Early Warning Project, estimates the risk of a new mass killing in Bosnia and Herzegovina.