A civil war that started in November 2020 in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has devolved into a brutal conflict that threatens the wellbeing of millions. The conflict includes multiple armed actors, several of whom are alleged to be committing mass atrocities. From the beginning of the war, witnesses reported the intentional targeting of civilians, often along ethnic lines. In March 2021, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken publicly stated that ethnic cleansing was being committed in Western Tigray.
Our Early Warning Project estimates that there is a chance of a new mass killing in Ethiopia for 2022. Ethiopia ranks 7th highest-risk among 162 countries. Factors accounting for Ethiopia’s high-risk estimate are its lack of freedom of movement for men, large population, history of mass killing, and the presence of battle-related deaths.
There are credible reports that parties to the conflict have destroyed food, crops, livestock, and civilian infrastructure and that the Ethiopian government is responsible for deliberately starving civilians. This post discusses the latest developments regarding these crimes and options for accountability.
This downloadable flyer provides background information on the mass atrocity crimes being committed against civilians in Ethiopia.
Learn more about immediate threats to civilians in Ethiopia and what must be done to prevent genocide and further atrocity crimes.
Our Early Warning Project has recorded a new onset of mass killing in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia topped the list of countries to watch for a new episode of mass killing in our 2020–21 Statistical Risk Assessment.