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< Country Case Studies

Côte d’Ivoire


Côte D'Ivoire has a history of crimes against humanity and other mass atrocities, particularly during electoral periods. There were many concerns in the run-up to the 2020 election though, due partly to preventative action by many actors, the large-scale violence and mass atrocities were averted. Despite this, thousands were forced to flee as refugees, and 85 people were killed. The risk today is less acute than it was in the immediate aftermath of the vote, but that risk is still present. The country may be at the beginning of a long-term governance crisis. Political actors within Côte d’Ivoire must take steps to maintain short-term peace and stability while also addressing long-term grievances, democracy, and risk for renewed violent conflict in the coming months and years. Learn about the country’s recent history of war and atrocities and our 2019 assessment of early warning signs.