Visit the Museum





Academic Research

Remember Survivors and Victims

Genocide Prevention

Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial

Outreach Programs

Other Museum Websites

< Reports and Resources

Pursuing Justice for Mass Atrocities

A Handbook for Victim Groups


Download Handbook

Download Handbook

Title: Pursuing Justice for Mass Atrocities: A Handbook for Victim Groups

Author: Sarah McIntosh

Publication: March 2021

Available in: English, Arabic, French, Russian, Ukrainian

Download (PDF)

Please let us know how you plan to use this book.

Pursuing Justice for Mass Atrocities: A Handbook for Victim Groups, a groundbreaking educational resource by practitioner Sarah McIntosh, offers guidance on what victim groups can do to advance justice efforts during and in the aftermath of genocide and related crimes against humanity. Drawing on dozens of real-life examples and expert interviews, the Handbook offers practical advice and strategic insights in clear and accessible language.


The Handbook is an educational guide for victim groups on pursuing justice for genocide and related crimes against humanity. The Handbook presents a fresh perspective on victim-led justice efforts. It argues that by coming together as a group or coalition, victims’ demands for justice are harder for decision-makers to ignore. To learn more about how to use the handbook, please visit the Frequently Asked Questions.

The Handbook is designed to be read cover-to-cover but readers may want to focus on specific chapters based on their needs and interests: 

Handbook Discussion

On March 25, 2021, Sarah McIntosh joined a number of distinguished panelists for a discussion of the Handbook with opening remarks from Judge Thomas Buergenthal, Ambassador Clint Williamson, and representatives of survivor communities.

Watch now

Available with Arabic, French, Spanish, Swahili, and Uyghur translations.

Other Languages

The Handbook is also available in Arabic, French, Russian, and Ukrainian.

About the Author

Sarah McIntosh is a lawyer with experience in helping victim groups and local civil society actors to develop strategies to advance justice in the aftermath of mass atrocities. She is an associate with the Ferencz International Justice Initiative of the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. She has a bachelor of laws and international studies from the University of New South Wales and a master of laws from Harvard Law School. If you have thoughts or questions about the Handbook you can contact Sarah at