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Since gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, the new nation of South Sudan has experienced civil war, two failed power-sharing peace agreements, and widespread atrocities against civilians, including endemic levels of sexual violence. The violence has displaced over four million people and sparked warnings of genocide. In March 2017,  the UN Human Rights Commision determined that ethnic cleansing was occurring, and in 2018, it was determined that nearly 400,000 people died as a result of the war in South Sudan between December 2013 and April 2018. Explore the history behind the ethnic conflict and our current assessment of the continued risk of mass killing.