Since gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, the new nation of South Sudan has experienced civil war, two failed power-sharing peace agreements, and widespread atrocities against civilians, including endemic levels of sexual violence. The violence has displaced over four million people and sparked warnings of genocide. In March 2017, the UN Human Rights Commision determined that ethnic cleansing was occurring, and in 2018, it was determined that nearly 400,000 people died as a result of the war in South Sudan between December 2013 and April 2018. Explore the history behind the ethnic conflict and our current assessment of the continued risk of mass killing.
Discover how a political crisis sparked a large-scale conflict in which civilians were targeted because of their ethnic identity.
Our 2018 report examines whether atrocities could have been prevented in the years immediately following independence.
Our quantitative assessment, from the Early Warning Project, estimates the risk of a new mass killing in Sudan.
View photos and read a firsthand report by photojournalist Pete Muller on his 2012 visit to the border areas between Sudan and South Sudan.
The Museum led a bearing witness trip to Southern Sudan in 2010 as it prepared for the referendum on South Sudanese independence.