The Democratic Republic of Congo has experienced violent conflict since the start of the First Congo War in 1996–97. The Second Congo War (1998–2003), was the deadliest conflict since World War II. Today there is an ongoing political crisis as government power-sharing agreements are falling apart. The crisis is further complicated by multiple violent conflicts involving over one hundred armed groups, and multiple health epidemics including Ebola, COVID-19, and measles. The risk of a new mass killing in the Democratic Republic of Congo remains high, and our Early Warning Project has ranked the country in the top-10 highest-risk countries every year since the project began in 2014. Learn about the recent history of instability and conflict, as well as the continued search for justice and accountability.
For more than three decades, inter-ethnic tensions and regional instability have threatened the country’s security.
Our quantitative assessment, from the Early Warning Project, estimates the risk of a new mass killing in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Learn about the role of non-state actors in perpetrating atrocities in countries including the Democratic Republic of the Congo.