"The Holocaust in Bulgaria"
Dr. Steven Sage received a Ph.D. in history from the University of Hawaii and a B.A. in Oriental studies from the University of Pennsylvania. He is also a graduate of the prestigious Foreign Service Institute’s East European Affairs. During his fellowship at the Museum, he was a researcher for the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany and Senior Research Fellow at the University of Massachusetts. For his Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies Fellowship, Dr. Sage conducted research on his project “The Holocaust in Bulgaria.”
Dr. Sage is former Vice Consul, 2nd Secretary, of the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, China, and former Consul, 2nd Secretary, of the U.S. Embassy in Sofia, Bulgaria. He is the author of Ancient Sichuan and the Unification of China (State University of New York Press, 1992), and “Jewish Slave Labor” in History and Dispute: The Holocaust, vol. 11, Tandy McConnell, ed. (St. James Press, 2003). He is also the recipient of several academic awards including the National Defense Foreign Language Fellowship. In 2005, He also participated in the 2005 summer research workshop on “Prosecuting the Perpetrators of the Holocaust: War Crimes Trials in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe” at the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, which addressed the problem of postwar trial records as a historical source for the study of the Holocaust.
During his tenure at the Museum, Dr. Sage researched the role of the Bulgarian government during the Holocaust. His research introduced new empirical data and presented a revised historical analysis of the Bulgarian involvement in the deportation and murder of Jews, slave labor, and property confiscation.
Dr. Sage was in residence at the Mandel Center from September 1 to December 31, 2005.