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< All Fellows and Scholars

Dr. Sophie Hochhäusl

Dr. Sophie Hochhäusl
Judith B. and Burton P. Resnick Postdoctoral Fellow

"Memories of the Resistance: Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky and the Architecture of Collective Dissidence, 1918–1989"

Professional Background

Dr. Sophie Hochhäusl is Assistant Professor in Architectural History and Theory at the Stuart Weitzman School of Design at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her PhD and MA from Cornell University, as well as a MArch from the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna (Austria). Before coming to the Museum, she was the Frieda L. Miller Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University (2017-2018), a Princeton-Mellon Fellow in Architecture, Urbanism, and the Humanities (2020-2021), and a Humboldt Fellow at the Technical University Darmstadt and the Munich Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism.  

Dr. Hochhäusl studies modern architecture and urban culture with a focus on spatial histories of exile, resistance, gender, and histories of social movements. Her recent essays and articles have concentrated on left-leaning organizations, designers, artists, and intellectuals whose creative work can be characterized as resistance art. Dr. Hochhäusl’s first book, Otto Neurath – City Planning, explored the graphic design efforts of the Austrian economist, sociologist, and philosopher Otto Neurath, who spearheaded equitable forms of planning in collaboration with housing associations. Currently Dr. Hochhäusl is working on two book projects: the interdisciplinary history and translation project Memories of the Resistance: Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky and the Architecture of Collective Dissidence, 1918–1989 (translated by Dr. Raphael Koenig), as well as the monograph, Housing Cooperative: Politics, Architecture, and Urban Imagination in Vienna, 1904–1934. Her articles on spatial histories of dissidence have been included in Architectural Histories, Architecture Beyond EuropeEdiciones ARQ, and Platform. In 2020 she was chosen to deliver the Detlef Mertins Memorial Lecture on the History of Modernity at Columbia University. At the University of Pennsylvania Dr. Hochhäusl is a member of the program in Gender, Sexuality, and Women’s Studies. She is further a participant in the Insurgent Domesticities Group at the Center for the Study of Social Difference at Columbia University.  

Fellowship Research

Dr. Hochhäusl was awarded a 2020-2021 Resnick Postdoctoral Fellowship for her second book project, Memories of the Resistance: Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky and the Architecture of Collective Dissidence, 1918–1989. Today the Austrian architect Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky (1897–2000) is widely recognized as one of the most significant female figures in interwar design. Her participation in the Communist resistance against the Nazi regime and her lifelong efforts as an anti-fascist activist, however, have been entirely ignored by historians in the English-speaking world. The German-language autobiography, Erinnerungen aus dem Widerstand: Das Kämpferische Leben einer Architektin, 1938–1945 (Memories of the Resistance: The Defiant Life of a Female Architect, 1938–1945), published in 1984 has to date not been translated into English but was a major work chronicling women in the resistance in the 1980s.

Memories of the Resistance:  Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky and the Architecture of Collective Dissidence, 1919–1989, explores Schütte-Lihotzky’s architectural and activist work and analyzes the international networks of dissidents with whom she collaborated between 1938 and 1945 in Vienna, Zagreb, Paris, Moscow, Tel Aviv, Istanbul, and New York. Among other groups, the book focuses on Jewish refugee organizations and the editorial spaces of anti-fascist newspapers such as Nouvelle D’Autriche and The Austro-American Tribune. Although the book loosely follows Schütte-Lihotzky’s life, it is not merely a critical biography of an individual; rather, it highlights the work of groups and collectives that were strengthened—and at times fractured—by their political and artistic objectives in dissident work. Emphasizing the challenges that Holocaust survivors continued to confront in the postwar years, the book is also a reflection about the spatial politics of memorials and the culture of forgetting in Austria. Including a scholarly monograph, the first complete English translation of Schütte-Lihotzky’s memoir, and translations of letters with annotations written from internment, this book is a resource for scholars concerned with the intersection of architectural history, memory studies, and women in the resistance.

Residency Periods: September 1 through December 31, 2021; May 1 through August 31, 2022