These resources reflect US and international efforts to prevent and respond to genocide today and may be of particular interest to military and government professionals.
- Fundamentals of Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (2016)
This book, written by Dr. Scott Straus and geared toward practitioners and students seeking a preliminary introduction to key issues, surveys research and policy questions at the heart of efforts to prevent genocide and mass atrocities.
- Preventing Genocide: A Blueprint for U.S. Policymakers (2008)
Created by the Genocide Prevention Task Force,This report provides a blueprint for the US government to better respond to threats of genocide and mass atrocities. Chapter 5 (PDF) considers military options.
- MARO: Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook (PDF) (2010) "The MARO Military Planning Handbook explains why MAROs present unique operational challenges and provides framing and planning tools to prepare the military."
- MAPRO: Mass Atrocity Prevention and Response Options: A Policy Planning Handbook (PDF) (2012)
- Protection of Civilians Military Reference Guide, Second Edition (PDF) (2018)
- Protection of Civilians: Looking Forward (January 31, 2018). This panel featured MG Kem from the US Army War College, Alison Giffen from the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC), and Dr. Sarah Sewall from the John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and explored the the challenges and opportunities for enhancing protection of civilian norms.
- Joint Publication 3-07.3 Peace Operations (PDF) (Aug 2012). Appendix B contains Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO)
- Army ATP 3-07.31//MCWP 3-33.8/AFATTP 3-2.40 Peace Ops - Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Peace Operations (PDF) (Nov 2014). Appendix G contains Mass Atrocities Response Operations (MARO)
- Army FM 3-07 Stability (PDF) (June 2014). Sections 1-44 - 1-63 address Protection of Civilians and MARO)
- ATP 3-07.6 Protection of Civilians (PDF) (October 2015)
The Museum’s Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide is dedicated to stimulating timely global action to prevent genocide and to catalyze an international response when genocide does occur.
Read essential documents
- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (PDF) (1948)
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
- Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (PDF) (1998)
- Responsibility to Protect (R2P) (PDF) (2001)
- 2005 World Summit Outcome adopted by the UN General Assembly (2005; see paragraphs 138-140 on R2P)
- Presidential Study Directive on Mass Atrocities (PSD-10) (2011)
- Assessment of US Government Atrocity Prevention Training Programs (PDF) (2016) This report examines the progress the APB, sub-APB, and three key agencies (State, USAID, and certain DoD components) have made to improve and expand training on atrocity prevention since the PSD-10 first recommended further action. It also identifies opportunities for improvement and makes specific recommendations on what the APB and agencies could do to strengthen and expand existing training and education efforts.
- UN Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes (PDF) (2014)
- Executive Order - Comprehensive Approach to Atrocity Prevention and Response (May 2016)
- USAID Field Guide: Helping Prevent Mass Atrocities (PDF) (April 2015)
Watch significant speeches
- President Barack Obama’s 2012 speech on genocide prevention announced the creation of the Atrocity Prevention Board.
- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s 2012 speech at the Museum addressed the Obama administration’s approach to atrocity prevention.
- UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein’s 2015 speech emphasized the connection between human rights and atrocity prevention.