The Eyewitness to History video library enables audiences everywhere to hear firsthand testimony from Holocaust survivors. This resource allows schools, civic groups, military bases, and other institutions to incorporate survivor voices into their Holocaust remembrance events as well as other learning opportunities.

  • Ruth Cohen

    Ruth Cohen

    Video length: 10 minutes

    In this video: Czechoslovakia, Ghetto, Auschwitz, Majdanek

    Ruth Cohen was born in Munkacs, Czechoslovakia, in 1930. She and her family were forced into a ghetto and later deported to Auschwitz. Ruth and her sister Teresa were liberated by the United States Army in early 1945.

  • Frank Cohn

    Frank Cohn

    Video length: 20 minutes

    In this video: Germany, Early Warning Signs, Antisemitic legislation, American GI

    Frank Cohn was born in 1925, in Breslau, Germany, where he experienced antisemitism following the enactment of a variety of anti-Jewish laws. Frank came to the United States in 1938, just before Kristallnacht. He returned to Europe in 1943 as a member of the 12th Army Group Intelligence Unit.

  • Arye Ephrath

    Arye Ephrath

    Video length: 8 minutes

    In this video: Czechoslovakia, Hidden Children, Righteous Among the Nations

    Arye Ephrath was born in Czechoslovakia in 1942. The family avoided deportation for a number of years before going into hiding in Šišov, an isolated village in western Slovakia. Arye spent the rest of the war hiding with a local shepherd and his family and pretending to be a girl to avoid suspicion, while his parents were hidden by a different family in a hole beneath a barn floor.

  • Peter Feigl

    Peter Feigl

    Video length: 45 minutes

    In this video: Germany, France, American Quakers, Le Chambon-sur-Lignon 

    Peter Feigl was born in Berlin, Germany, in 1929. Fleeing antisemitism, the family ended up in southern France in 1940. He was attending a Quaker summer camp when his parents were arrested and sent to Auschwitz. Peter was hidden by residents in the Protestant village Le Chambon-sur-Lignon and eventually made his way to neutral Switzerland with the help of the Jewish underground.

  • Steven Fenves

    Steven Fenves

    Video length: 55 minutes

    In this video: Hungary, Antisemitism, Auschwitz, Death March

    Steven Fenves was born in Subotica, Yugoslavia, in 1931. Hungary occupied his home region in April 1941. After the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944, Steven was deported first to a transit ghetto, and then to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Steven was chosen to be an interpreter for the German Kapos. He joined the Birkenau resistance and was smuggled out of Auschwitz on a transport headed for another camp. Following a death march, Steven was liberated by American troops at Buchenwald in April 1945.

  • Allan Firestone

    Allan Firestone

    Video length: 9 minutes

    In this video: Poland, Mobile Killing Squad, Ghetto, Hiding 

    Allan Firestone was born in Kolomea, Poland, in 1933. A couple of months after Allan’s parents and one of his sisters were murdered by Ukrainian auxiliary police in 1942, Allan and his remaining family members were forced into a ghetto. When conditions in the ghetto worsened, Allan and his one surviving sister hid in the apartment of a Gentile until liberation.

  • Albert Garih

    Albert Garih

    Video length: 50 minutes

    In this video: France, Occupied Paris, Hidden Children

    Albert Garih was born in Paris, France, in 1938. When Albert’s father was deported to a forced labor camp in the Channel Islands, the rest of the Garih family went into hiding. Albert, along with his mother and two older sisters, were first hidden with the Galop family before threats of denunciation forced them to find other places to avoid detection.

  • Rachel (Rae) Mutterperl Goldfarb

    Rachel (Rae) Mutterperl Goldfarb

    Video length: 54 minutes

    In this video: Poland, Ghetto, Partisans

    Rae Mutterperl Goldfarb was born in Dokszyce, Poland, in 1930. Rae and her family were forced to live in a ghetto before escaping and going into hiding with Gentiles. After her brother was denounced and killed, Rae and her mother joined a group of partisan fighters with whom they remained until liberation in 1944.

  • Theodora (Dora) Klayman

    Theodora (Dora) Klayman

    Video length: 6 minutes

    In this video: Yugoslavia, Croatia, Ustaša, Jasenovac

    Theodora (Dora) Klayman was born in 1938 in Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Dora survived hiding with her Catholic uncle and neighbors in Croatia. Her parents and many other family members were murdered by Nazi collaborators, the Ustaša, in the Jasenovac concentration camp.

  • Estelle Laughlin

    Estelle Laughlin

    Video length: 18 minutes

    In this video: Poland, Warsaw Ghetto, Resistance, Majdanek 

    Estelle Laughlin was born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1929. Estelle and her family were forced to live in the Warsaw ghetto until the uprising there. She survived the camps Majdanek, Skarzysko, and Czestochowa.

  • Louise Lawrence-Israëls

    Louise Lawrence-Israëls

    Video length: 6 minutes

    In this video: The Netherlands, Hidden Children, Resistance

    Louise Lawrence-Israëls was born in Haarlem, the Netherlands, in 1942. When she was six months old, her family went into hiding in a top-floor apartment in Amsterdam. Louise’s parents tried to provide as normal a childhood as possible for Louise and her older brother. When Louise was three, Canadian forces liberated Amsterdam and her family was finally able to leave the apartment.

  • Frank Liebermann

    Frank Liebermann

    Video length: 49 minutes

    In this video: Germany, Antisemitism

    Frank Liebermann was born in Gleiwitz, Germany, in 1929. Frank experienced rampant antisemitism as a young boy in Nazi Germany. He was not allowed to play in parks or swim in local pools and soon became a target for bullying by his non-Jewish classmates. Frank and his family were able to immigrate to the United States in 1938, just before Kristallnacht.

  • Emanuel (Manny) Mandel

    Emanuel (Manny) Mandel

    Video length: 10 minutes

    In this video: Latvia, Pogrom, Kasztner Train, Bergen-Belsen

    Manny Mandel was born in 1936 in Riga, Latvia. Manny survived a pogrom in Hungary, a journey where he and other Jews were to be traded for war supplies (the “Kasztner Train,”) and internment at Bergen-Belsen. Manny found refuge in Switzerland before immigrating to Palestine.

  • Alfred (Al) Münzer

    Alfred (Al) Münzer

    Video length: 10 minutes

    In this video: The Netherlands, Hidden Children, Indonesia 

    Alfred (Al) Münzer was born in the Netherlands in 1941. At one year old, Al was placed into the care of a Dutch-Indonesian family for his protection. After liberation, Al’s mother, who survived several concentration camps including Auschwitz, returned and they were reunited.

  • Halina Litman Yasharoff Peabody

    Halina Litman Yasharoff Peabody

    Video length: 48 minutes

    In this video: Poland, Antisemitism, Hiding 

     

    Halina Peabody was born in Krakow, Poland, in 1932, and moved to Zaleszczyki soon after. After Germany invaded eastern Poland in 1941, Halina, her sister, and their mother were forced to move into an open ghetto. Halina’s mother managed to buy documents from a Catholic priest allowing the family to assume new identities which helped them avoid capture by the Nazis. They were reunited with Halina’s father who had been a member of the Anders army. After the war, the family settled in England.

  • Rose-Helene Spreiregen

    Rose-Helene Spreiregen

    Video length: 21 minutes

    In this video: Paris, France, Antisemitic Legislation, False Identity, Hidden Children

    Rose-Helene Spreiregen was born in Paris, France, in 1931, where she experienced steadily increasing persecution of Jews during the Nazi occupation. She and her grandmother escaped the city and survived the war hiding in a small town in southern France, where they had to forage food from the forest.

  • Esther Starobin

    Esther Starobin

    Video length: 38 minutes

    In this video: England, Child Refugee, Kindertransport, Germany

    Esther Starobin was born in Adelsheim, Germany, in 1937. When she was just two years old, Esther’s parents sent her and her three older sisters to England on the Kindertransport. Esther spent the next eight years with a foster family, largely unaware of what was happening to her parents and brother who had remained in Germany.

  • Susan Warsinger

    Susan Warsinger

    Video length: 52 minutes

    In this video: Germany, France, Kristallnacht, Antisemitism, Refugee

    Susan Warsinger was born in Bad Kreuznach, Germany, in 1929. Following Kristallnacht, Susan and her brother, Joseph, were smuggled into France. After Germany invaded France in May 1940, they were evacuated from a children’s home in Paris and fled with their guardians to the unoccupied part of the country. They eventually immigrated to the United States in September 1941 and were reunited with their parents and younger brother.

  • Irene Fogel Weiss

    Irene Fogel Weiss

    Video length: 52 minutes

    In this video: Czechoslovakia, Auschwitz, Selection, Forced March 

    Irene Weiss was born in 1930 in Bótrágy, Czechoslovakia. She, her parents, and her five siblings were forced into a ghetto in Munkács before being sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Irene sorted items stolen from prisoners for eight months and later survived a forced march.