It was a daring and dangerous mission. To try to protect the true identities of Jews and resistance fighters hiding behind false ID cards, members of a Dutch resistance group knew they had to destroy the originals. Dressed as policemen, they entered the Amsterdam Registry and set off explosions that burned 800,000 identity cards. This Pride Month, learn about Frieda Belinfante, one of Europe’s first female conductors and a Jewish lesbian, and painter Willem Arondeus, the gay leader of this group of artists turned resisters.
Klaus Mueller, European Representative, International Archival Programs, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Dr. Edna Friedberg, Historian, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum