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Electronic Resources


These resources are intended for research being conducted at the Museum, however, some databases are available to offsite researchers. Those sites are labeled.

Full-Text Articles

The following databases index diverse journal collections and provide access to thousands of full-text articles via any computer on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum network.

Central and Eastern European Online Library
Provides access to articles from more than 300 humanities and social science journals pertaining to Central, Eastern, and South-Eastern European topics. Browse an alphabetical list of titles.

Interdisciplinary collection of articles from more than 1,500 scholarly journals. Also includes e-books. Browse an alphabetical list of titles.

Project Muse
Provides access to almost 400 scholarly journals in a variety of disciplines. Depth of coverage varies for each publication. Browse an alphabetical list of titles.

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Citations and Abstracts

The following databases provide bibliographic citations and reference pointers on accessing hundreds of thousands of articles published in multiple languages.

Collects into one search interface the archival descriptions to over 325,000 archival collections in 760 institutions. Maintains a directory of archives, organizations, and institutions with Holocaust-related collections located in 59 countries. Part of the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure project. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

Posen Papers on Contemporary Antisemitism
Contains more than 40,000 annotated citations for articles, books, and other resources about the history of antisemitism. Maintained by the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Google Scholar
Database of links to peer-reviewed articles, papers, books, and abstracts published by professional societies, universities, and academic publishers worldwide. Includes links to some full-text articles. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Historical Abstracts
Indexes and abstracts articles from more than 4,000 journals as well as books and dissertations published worldwide in over 40 languages.

Index to Jewish Periodicals
Indexes more than 160 English-language journals on Jewish history, activity, and thought. Includes guides to articles, book reviews, and feature stories devoted to Jewish affairs published since 1988. Browse an alphabetical list of indexed journals.

OCLC FirstSearch
Provides electronic access to more than 39 databases.

Includes more than 14 million citations for life sciences, behavioral sciences, chemical sciences, and bioengineering articles dating back to the 1950s. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

RAMBI: A Jewish Studies Index
Indexes articles on Jewish studies compiled from thousands of periodicals and collections of articles in various languages. Requires free registration with the National Library of Israel. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

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Gale E-book Collection
Digital resources on the Holocaust, genocides, human rights, culture, and more. Titles include the Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945 and A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide among others. Access provided via any computer on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum network.

Internet Archive Digital Library
A digital library of over half a million books and digitized archival materials. Readers can access materials without copyright restrictions in a variety of formats (e.g. PDF, JPEG, EPUB, etc.). Researchers may create an patron account and borrow copyright materials for two weeks at a time. Patrons can read loaned materials online or download them for off-line access via Adobe Digital Editions software (free download). Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Interdisciplinary collection of e-books integrated with JSTOR’s journals search. Provides results for individual chapters.

Kotar Reference Library
Online library and digital work environment providing access to academic works in Hebrew and English published in Israel. Subjects covered include Judaica, Jewish history, the humanities, and the social sciences. Access provided via any computer on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum network.

Open Library E-book Lending Program
A book lending platform launched by the Internet Archive. To access e-books researchers can create an Open Library account and borrow copyright materials for two weeks at a time. Patrons can read loaned materials online or download them for off-line access via Adobe Digital Editions software (free download). Accessible to resesarchers outside the Museum.

ProQuest E-book Patron Access
Discover e-books and other e-book content available at the Museum. Access from any computer on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum network.

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The following databases provide citations and, in some cases, the full text of master's theses and doctoral dissertations.

Alcove 9: An Annotated List of Reference Websites
Annotated list of online portals for dissertations and theses from around the world maintained by the Library of Congress. Some portals provide full text access while others only contain citations. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

DART-Europe E-theses Portal
Provides access to over 700,000 open access theses and dissertations from 605 universities in 28 European countries. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

EthOS: Electronic Theses Online Service
Provides access to 450,000 doctoral theses from British universities dating back to 1800. Registration required for free access. Over 160,000 theses are available as free full-text documents, while copies of others can be purchased. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations
Provides citations, summaries, and in many cases the complete text of Masters theses and PhD dissertations in a variety of disciplines. Focuses on open access electronic theses and dissertations. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

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Encyclopedias and Geography Tools

The following databases provide encyclopedia articles or geographic and location information.

Columbia Gazetteer of the World
Database of names, descriptions, and characteristics of over 165,000 places in the world. Online, updated version of the 1998 Columbia Gazetteer of the World.

David Rumsey Map Collection
Access 97,000 digitized maps from around the world spanning several centuries. Has a preset filter for World War II maps. Images can be selected via multiple filters, viewed using different software types, and saved or shared. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

Encyclopaedia Judaica
Online encyclopedia that includes more than 21,000 entries on Jewish life, culture, history, and religion.

Fuzzy Gazetteer
Database of over seven million place names, searchable via a variety of spellings. Provides coordinates which can then be plotted using online mapping sites such as Google Maps or Bing Maps. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

The JewishGen Communities Database and JewishGen Gazetteer
Database containing the names of all localities in the 31 countries of Central and Eastern Europe, plus all of the former Soviet Republics and Turkey, based on data provided by the US Board on Geographic Names. A project of JewishGen. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Volume 1
Covers three groups of concentration camps: The early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German children and adolescents. Available remotely with a Museum login. Download a free PDF of this volume.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Volume 2
Covers more than 1,150 ghettos, including both open and closed ghettos. Regional essays outline the patterns of ghettoization in 19 German administrative regions. Available remotely with a Museum login. Download a free PDF of this volume.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Volume 3
Offers a comprehensive account of camps and ghettos in, or run by, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Vichy France (including North Africa). Each entry discusses key events in the history of the ghetto; living and working conditions; activities of the Jewish Councils; Jewish responses to persecution demographic changes; and details of the ghetto's liquidation. Available remotely with a Museum login.

Urban Maps Digital from the Center for Urban History of East Central Europe
Provides access to digitized maps of cities in Central and Eastern Europe focusing on L’viv and eastern Galicia. Includes chronological filters for the interwar period, World War II and the Soviet era. Has various tools for viewing, sharing and sending maps. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

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Follow these links for listings of journal titles available electronically:

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The following databases provide full-text access to back issues of select newspapers.

Compact Memory - Internetarchiv jüdischer Periodika
Online library of more than 115 full-text German Jewish periodicals from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Historical New York Times
Provides full-text access to the New York Times newspaper, with all issues published between 1851 through 2009.

Historical Washington Post
Provides full-text access to the Washington Post newspaper, with all issues published between 1877 and 1996.

Historical Jewish Press
Provides full-text access to digitized Jewish newspapers in various countries, languages, and time periods. Includes issues of the Palestine Post published between 1932 and 1950. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

JTA Jewish News Archive
Provides free access to Jewish Telegraphic Agency news articles from 1923 to the present. Includes both a full-text search option as well as browse by date or topic. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Union List of Digitized Jewish Historical Newspapers and Periodicals
Provides full text access and abstracts from the 19th century to the present.

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Primary Sources

The following databases provide access to original primary sources related to the Holocaust.

Arolsen Archives
Provides access to a growing selection of records held by the largest archives of Holocaust documentation, containing information on 17.5 million people. Searchable by individuals’ names or by topic. Includes an e-guide to the different types of documents. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

Allied propaganda in World War II and the British Political Warfare Executive
Digital collection of the complete files of the British Political Warfare Execuative (PWE_ kept at the U.K. National Archives as FO 898 from 1941-1946 along with the secret minutes of the special 1944 War Cabinet Committee "Breaking the German Will to Resist." Includes all the correspondence, minutes and agents' mission files along with a complete collection of all the airborne propaganda leaflets dropped over mainland Europe during the war by the British and American air forces.

Conditions and Politics in Occupied Western Europe, 1940–1945
Digital collection of historical documents based on British Foreign Office information files gathered from across German-occupied territories during World War II. Includes information relevant to everyday life, propaganda efforts, and resistance movements in Western Europe.

Correspondence from German Concentration Camps and Prisons
Consists of items originating from prisoners held in German concentration camps, internment and transit camps, Gestapo prisons, and POW camps, during and just prior to World War II. Most of the collection consists of letters written or received by prisoners, but also includes receipts for parcels, money orders and personal effects; paper currency; and realia, including Star of David badges that Jews were forced to wear.

Furnishes access to the digitized collections of the Leo Baeck Institute for the Study of German Jewish History Collections. Includes over 25,000 photographs, 5,000 memoirs, 4,500 archival collections, 400 artworks and objects, and a selection of books. Available to researchers outside the Museum.

The Economy and War in the Third Reich, 1933–1944
An official statistical source of data concerning the German economic situation throughout the Third Reich. Based on the following economic publications: Monatliche Nachweise-ber den Auswartigen Handel Deutschlands (January 1933–June 1939); Der Aussenhandel Deutschlands Monatliche Nachweise (July 1939); and Sondernachweis der Aussenhandel Deutschlands (August 1939–1944), from the holdings of the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Foreign Relations between the U.S. and Latin America and the Caribbean States, 1930–1944
During the 1930s, the US shifted away from the use of unpopular military interventions to maintain its influence in Latin America: Pan-Americanism, support for strong local leaders, the training of national guards, economic and cultural penetration, Export-Import Bank loans, financial supervision, and political persuasion.

German Anti-Semitic Propaganda, 1901–1941
This collection comprises 170 German-language books and pamphlets which present antisemitism as an issue in politics, economics, religion, and education. Most of the writings date from the 1920s and 1930s and many are directly connected with Nazi groups. The works are principally antisemitic, but include writings on other groups as well, including Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Jesuits, and the Freemasons. Also included are history, pseudo-history, and fiction.

German Propaganda Archive
Contains English translations of speeches, essays and articles of Nazi propaganda dating from 1927 to 1945, as well as visual materials such as posters, postcards, stamps and pamphlets. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

Holocaust and the Concentration Camp Trials: Prosecution of Nazi War Crimes
Provides documents from the investigation and prosecution of war crimes committed by Nazi concentration camp personnel, including: correspondence; trial records and transcripts; investigatory material; interrogation reports and trial exhibits; clemency petitions and reviews; photographs of atrocities; newspaper clippings; and pamphlets. Many concentration camps, death camps, and sub-camps are represented in this collection, including Mauthausen, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Treblinka, Sobibor, Gros-Raming, Gusen I, Ebensee, and others.

Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees: The West’s Response to Jewish Emigration
Presents documents related to the work of the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees (IGCR), which was established after the Evian Conference of July 1938 to develop resettlement opportunities for refugees fleeing Nazi-dominated Europe. Includes more than 30,000 pages of materials from the US National Archives, covering the time period 1938 to 1947.

Japanese-American Relocation Camp Newspapers: Perspectives on Day-to-Day Life
Includes 25 individual newspapers that document life inside the internment camps for Americans of Japanese descent during World War II.

JDC Archives
Archives of the American Joint Distribution Committee, which provided aid to Jews in Europe before, during and after the Holocaust. Materials are primarily in English and include reports, speeches, eyewitness accounts, telegrams, correspondence as well as over 100,000 photographs and 200 oral histories. Accessible to researchers outside the Museum.

The Jewish Question: Records from the Berlin Document Center
Comprises documents pertaining to Jewish communities from a wide variety of sources, including the Gestapo, local police and government offices, Reich ministries, businesses, etc. These records are organized into various sub-collections, i.e., Archiv Schumacher, Streicher, Hans Frank, Hauptarchiv der NSDAP, Geschaedigte Juden, etc., and include newspaper clippings, letters, manuscripts, pamphlets, reports and other documents originating with the Sturmabteilung (SA), Schutzstaffel (SS), Gestapo, Reich Ministry of Justice, and Reich Chamber of Culture (Reichskulturkammer) from 1920- 1945

Jewish Underground Resistance: The David Diamant Collection
David Diamant is the pseudonym of David Erlich, a Jewish communist and committed member of the underground resistance during World War II. This collection consists of original documents collected by Diamant over a period of approximately 30 years dealing primarily with the Jewish segment of the French underground resistance; many of the documents originate with communist groups, and some deal with Polish groups. Most of the documents are in French, while some are in Yiddish.

National Socialism, Holocaust, Resistance, and Exile 1933–1945
Includes 450,000 pages of primary and secondary sources from the Nazi period. View a list of all sources included.

Patriotes aux Armes! (Patriots to Arms!): Underground Resistance in France, Belgium, Holland, and Italy, 1939–45
This collection consists of newspapers and periodicals; broadsides; leaflets; and books and pamphlets and other documents produced by or relating to the underground resistance in France, Belgium, Holland, and Italy.

Postwar Europe: Refugees, Exile and Resettlement, 1945–1950
A digital resource documenting Allied governments' responses to the needs of millions of civilians who had been displaced by the War. Based on collections from the National Archives of the United Kingdom and the Wiener Library in London, covering the time period 1945 to 1950.

Psychological Warfare and Propaganda in World War II: Air Dropped and Shelled Leaflets and Periodicals
Consists of over 1,000 air-dropped and shelled leaflets and periodicals created and disseminated during World War II. The majority of items in this collection were printed by the Allies and then dropped, or fired by artillery shell over German-occupied territory. Many leaflets and periodicals have original publication codes and were printed in over 10 languages. Only leaflets shelled by Germans to Allies are in English.

Testaments to the Holocaust
A digital collection of primary-source documents and rare printed materials drawn from the holdings of the Wiener Library in London that includes materials on Nazi Germany and the Holocaust, including eyewitness accounts, photographs, Nazi propaganda, rare publications, and other source materials.

U.S. Relations with the Vatican and the Holocaust, 1940–1950
Digital collection documenting relations between the United States and the Vatican during World War II and the immediate postwar period. Illustrates the Vatican's role in discussions concerning Jewish refugees through correspondence, reports, interviews, and contemporary analyses.

USC Shoah Foundation Institute Visual History Archive
Provides access to the nearly 52,000 interviews with Holocaust survivors conducted in 56 countries and in 32 languages through the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education, formerly the Steven Spielberg Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation. Requires free registration. Researchers may search the collection from offsite via the USC Shoah Foundation Institute’s website.

WW II, Occupation, and the Civil War in Greece, 1940–49: Records of the U.S. State Dept Classified Files
The Axis occupation of Greece during World War II began in April 1941 after the German and Italian invasion of Greece was carried out together with Bulgarian forces. The occupation lasted until the German withdrawal from the mainland in October 1944. When liberation came in October 1944, Greece was in a state of crisis, which soon led to the outbreak of civil war. The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the pro-Western Greek governmental army and the Communist Democratic Army of Greece.

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