For Frank Liebermann, recess was the scariest time of the day. He began attending German public school in 1935 when he was about six years old—two years after his school began separating Jewish and non-Jewish students into different classrooms. Nazi propaganda convinced his Gentile classmates that Jewish students were dangerous and an easy target for harassment. Frank and his Jewish classmates were dismissed five minutes early so they could rush home to avoid antisemitic attacks by classmates, but during recess, there was no protection.
Learn about Frank’s experiences as a Jewish student in Nazi Germany and how his family worked together to secure visas so they could immigrate to a new life in the United States.
Frank Liebermann, Holocaust Survivor and Museum Volunteer
Bill Benson, Journalist and Host, First Person: Conversations with Holocaust Survivors
Watch live at youtube.com/ushmm. You do not need a YouTube account to view our program.
After the live broadcast, the recording will be available to watch on demand on the Museum's YouTube page.
First Person is a monthly hour-long discussion with a Holocaust survivor and is made possible through generous support from the Louis Franklin Smith Foundation, with additional funding from the Arlene and Daniel Fisher Foundation.