Skip to main content

Nazi Ideology and Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution

Dr. Meinecke spoke to North Carolina teachers at the Museum in November 2002. He presents this material at many of the Museum's teacher training programs on-site and around the nation. In addition to video of the actual workshop session, segments include historical and artifact photographs, text, and links to related sites within the Museum's website.

Showing 1–5 of 8

Nazi Ideology


Nazi Racial Ideology
Hitler saw the world as the struggle between peoples for existence.

A people is a distinct ethnic-biological group.

They may not mix with others without bringing on decay and corruption, leading ultimately to a people's extinction.

A healthy, vigorous people expands its population base of racially healthy individuals and expands its territorial base at the expense of its neighbors.

A dying people has a declining population, marred by race-mixing and territorial losses to its neighbors.

History is the struggle of nations for living space and living space is about the continued existence of a race. 

The Image of the Jews in Nazi Ideology
Jews were special enemies of the German people. 

Unlike other races, Jews had no living space of their own.

Jews sought to dominate host peoples by destroying the nation-state and establishing Jewish world domination.

The goals of Jews, by definition, were the genetic bastardization of all peoples and the elimination of all states. 

Overview of Nazi Persecution of Specific Groups
"Racial Enemy"

The quest for racial purity
     Gypsies (Roma)
     German Disabled Persons
     Germans of African Descent

The racial struggle for Europe
          Soviet Prisoners of War

Nazi ideology and the persecution of Germans
     Political Dissidents
     Jehovah's Witnesses
     Male Homosexuals

Workshop Video

  • “It is really important and appropriate ... that we remember that the primary victim of the Holocaust was European Jewry.”

Supporting Media

  • German administration of Europe, 1944 —US Holocaust Memorial Museum