Hodgson's Poland, 1947. Krakow, Poland. LS, old market place seen from crossroads, policewoman directing traffic. MS, merchants at main square, large umbrellas opened over small carts. LS, gate of the old market. LSs, Cathedral of the Holy Virgin Mary, in FG, old market place. MS, shop window of market with dolls made in Krakow. CU, child looking at dolls.
02:03:15 "The Trial of Forty German Butchers of Auschwitz Camp," November 24-26, 1947.
LS, building in which the trial of Auschwitz takes place. Market scene. MS, crowd listening to loudspeaker on steps of building. MS, crowd outside of building listening to prisoners' examination. VS, German prisoners jumping out of lorries and marching into the Court of Justice. VS, Maria Mandl, head of women's camp at Auschwitz, between two Germans. LS, old women jumping out of lorry and going to the Tribunal. CU, President of the Tribunal, Alfred Eimer, verifying identity of the Germans. CUs, Maria Mandl, Kraus, Kremer, Erich Muhsfeldt, Alice Minna Orlowski (nee Elling), Therese 'Rosi' Brandl, Luise Danz, and Hildegard Laechert standing up and listening to the president. MS, male and female German prisoners. CUs, Arthur Liebenhenschel and Maria Mandl sitting listening to the General Prosecutor. CU, Stefan Kutowski, General Prosecutor reading indictment. LS, General Prosecutor speaking to the Tribunal. LS, members of Tribunal entering court. MSs, members of Tribunal sitting on armchairs listening to the act of accusation. LSs, audience chamber as Tribunal enters; same, as prisoner goes to bar for deposition. MS, American members of United Nations War Crimes Commission listening to prisoner's deposition. LS, prisoner Otto Latsch's examination. FG, backs of members of the Tribunal. LSs, Alice Orlowski's deposition. LS, rows of prisoners seen from Tribunal platform. VS, public listening to prisoner's examination. CU, Colonel Robert Springer, US Director of United Nations War Crimes Commission. MS, American members of UN War Crimes Commission listening.
Note: Maria Mandl was Lagerfuehrerin, or Camp Officer, at Auschwitz-Birkenau from October 1942 until late November 1944. Hildegard Laechert was notorious at Majdanek. Therese 'Rosi' Brandl was said to be an "ugly woman with an ugly personality to boot" (commented from Auschwitz survivor Helen Tichauer).
Cameraman's dope sheet available in departmental files.
See Story 1213, Film ID 53 for duplicate footage.
Biography / History:
1994.119.1 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased this from the National Archives and Records Administration in September 1994.
MARCH OF TIME
WAR CRIMES COMMISSIONS
WAR CRIMINALS/WAR CRIMES TRIALS
The March of Time, Ltd.
National Archives & Records Administration (NARA), 200 MTT 1479 J
Betacam SP; VHS
02:01:23 - 02:12:01