Prosecution Exhibit #228-229, The Nazi Concentration Camps, Auschwitz, Poland, 1945. This film was taken by a Soviet military film crew upon liberating Auschwitz in January 1945.
CUs, children, showing numbers on their arms. The girl in the center of the frame not wearing a uniform but a regular jacket is Sarah Racimora. The boy to her right is Rene (Guttman) Slotkin. HAS, procession of children evacuating the camp, barbed wire. CUs, charred heads and remains of bodies in ovens. CUs, cans of gas and other chemicals. Corpses, including one woman with an embryo beside her. Piles of false teeth, razors, eyeglasses, and clothing. Russian soldiers hold up some children's clothing. Piles of clothing, shoes, brushes, razor brushes, suitcases from various countries. Bodies in deep trench. Women weep beside grave. A band plays the funeral march. Choir boys follow the band. Many coffins are carried to large grave as hundreds attend ceremony. Priests and flagbearers. Women weep as the mass grave is covered. Doctors examine some of the survivors: an emaciated youth, children with bad feet, all evidences of brutality. Some still photographs of formerly healthy children are integrated in contrast to the ill conditions developed in the camp. More sick children, including Ruth Rosenbaum at 00:23:31, examined by Soviet doctors. Three men without shirts, woman. Medical board reviews sick child. Still photos of Nazis, including portraits of Richard Baer, Camp Commondant, and Karl Hoecker, Adjutant to Baer. Rolling credits at end: "Die drei Vereinten Nationen werden die Schuldigen bestimmt finden, selbst am grande der Welt und Ihren an klaegern ausliefern, um sie den Verdienten Strafe zuzufuehren. Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill. Aus dem Deklaration der drei Maechter."
Reel 4 of The Nazi Concentration Camps, NARA #238.5. "Filmdokumente" on the German concentration camps, made under Russian auspices with narration in German.
See also Story 27, Film ID 5 for duplicate (although shorter) footage. See also Story 2769, Film ID 167 for duplicate footage of the entire film -- "Oswiecem" ["Auschwitz"] -- in English.
Biography / History:
Sarah Racimora was born in Radom in 1940. She was smuggled into Pionki, deported to Auschwitz in August 1944, and liberated in Auschwitz at the age of 4.
Ruth Rosenbaum, seen at 00:23:31, was born on May 25, 1934 in Cluj, Hungary. She and her twin sister Judith were subjects of Mengele's experiments. They were both liberated in Auschwitz and their mother Rosalia, who also survived Auschwitz, found them in the camp; their father perished. Ruth died of pneumonia 10 days after liberation and shorty after she was filmed here. Her twin Judith currently lives in Israel.
The Soviet film about the liberation of Auschwitz was shot over a period of several months beginning on January 27, 1945, the day of liberation. It consists of both staged and unrehearsed footage of Auschwitz survivors (adults and children) taken in the first hours and days of their liberation, as well as scenes of their evacuation, which took place weeks or months later. The film includes the first inspection of the camp by Soviet war crimes investigators, as well as the initial medical examination of the survivors by Soviet physicians. It also records the public burial ceremony that took place on February 28, 1945 for Auschwitz victims who died just before and after the liberation. The order to make the film was issued by Mikhael Oschurkow, head of the photography unit, and was carried out by Alexander Voronzow and others in his group. Eighteen minutes of the film was introduced as evidence at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. Another segment of the film disappeared for forty years before resurfacing in Moscow in 1986. [Source: Alexander Voronzow interview, Chronos-Films, The Liberation of Auschwitz, 1986]
1988.184.1 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased the collection from various sources in 1988. Footage was obtained as research for the United States Holocaust Memorial Campaign's promotional video called "A Campaign to Remember" by David Haspel & Associates.
CONCENTRATION CAMPS (LIBERATION)
M. Oschurkow; A. Woronzow; N. Bykow; K. Kutub-Sade; A. Powlow
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 111 ADC 8557
1"; Betacam SP; VHS
00:14:16:23 - 00:26:07:12