Skip to main content

Timeline of Events

Liberation of Natzweiler-Struthof

View of the Natzweiler concentration camp. 1945.

View of the Natzweiler concentration camp. 1945. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Abraham M. Muhlbaum

November 23, 1944

US troops liberate the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp.

With the approach of Allied forces in September 1944, the SS authorities evacuated the main camp at Natzweiler-Struthof and distributed  the prisoners among its subcamps. In March 1945, the Germans disbanded the subcamps and sent most of the prisoners on forced evacuation marches over long distances and under brutal conditions toward the Dachau concentration camp in southern Germany.

From May 1941 to March 1945, between 19,000 and 20,000 people died in the Natzweiler-Struthof camp system.