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Timeline of Events

Deportations from Lodz to Chelmno

Jews from the Lodz ghetto are forced to transfer to a narrow-gauge railroad at Kolo during deportation to the Chelmno killing center. Kolo, Poland, 1942.

Jews from the Lodz ghetto are forced to transfer to a narrow-gauge railroad at Kolo during deportation to the Chelmno killing center. Kolo, Poland, 1942. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Sidney Harcsztark

January 16, 1942

German authorities begin the deportation of Jews and Roma (Gypsies) from the Lodz ghetto to Chelmno.

Between January 1942 and March 1943, the SS Special Detachment Lange kills at least 145,000 Jews and a few thousand Roma (Gypsies) at Chelmno. German authorities will deport approximately half of the victims from the ghetto in Lodz. The Jews of Lodz formed the second largest Jewish community in prewar Poland, after Warsaw.