United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Tears of Rage, 1942
The Art and Politics of Arthur Szyk
action -
not pity

Exhibition tour
We Will Never Die program cover
historical film
[USHMM/Hillel and Nili Kook, Israel;
Original materials: Gouache, graphite, and ink on board;
Original dimensions: 10" x 8 1/4"]

Tears of Rage, 1942
This powerful drawing served as an icon for the Committee of a Jewish Army of Stateless and Palestinian Jews. It succinctly summarized the Committee’s goals by showing a Jewish soldier coming to avenge the suffering of his fellow Jews. The image first appeared in December 1942 as part of a two-page advertisement containing the names of over 1,000 prominent Americans who supported the creation of a Jewish army.

We Will Never Die program cover, 1943

[USHMM #93761/Dr. Samuel Halperin, Washington, D.C.
Original dimensions: 12 1/16" x 9 1/16" x 3/16"]
We Will Never Die, program cover, 1943
Szyk’s Tears of Rage drawing adorned the program for We Will Never Die, a pageant authored by Hollywood screenwriter Ben Hecht as “a mass memorial dedicated to the two million Jewish dead of Europe.” The drama opened at New York’s Madison Square Garden on March 9, 1943, attracting more than 40,000 spectators, then traveled to Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, and Hollywood.

[Exhibition tour with video illustration:
Tears of Rage

Playing time :57

Narration from audio tour produced by Antenna Audio.]

Listen to the description of the drawing Tears of Rage from the audio tour produced to accompany the Museum's exhibition. Szyk used Tears of Rage to illustrate the program cover for We Will Never Die. The video clip highlights features described in the narration.

[Historical film footage:
Memorial Pageant calls for the rescue of European Jewry

United States
March 9, 1943


Playing time 1:37

University of South Carolina]

After word reached America of the Nazi killing of European Jewry, pressure mounted on the Roosevelt administration to help European Jews. To spur action, playwright Ben Hecht prepared a memorial to the Jewish victims of Nazi persecution, "We Will Never Die." The pageant, sponsored by the Zionist Revisionist Bergson Group, was part of a mass demonstration at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Later seen in other U.S. cities, the show was part of the Bergson Group's effort to pressure Washington to act decisively to rescue Europe's remaining Jews.

Excerpt from We Will Never Die

Audio excerpt from the 1943 Hollywood Bowl performance of the memorial pageant We Will Never Die.

Jewish Artist
Wartime Caricaturist
Szyk resources
Szyk resources