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Adolf Hitler in Landsberg prison

Hitler's attempt to overthrow the government in November 1923, the so-called Beer Hall Putsch, led German authorities to try—unsuccessfully—to deport the Nazi leader to his native Austria. Hitler (pictured here reading a newspaper in his cell in Landsberg prison) served only a short sentence for high treason; after his release he was prohibited from speaking at public gatherings in Bavaria until 1927.

USHMM, courtesy of Richard Freimark

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