The Nazi regime used propaganda to mobilize the German population to support its wars of conquest. Racist and antisemitic propaganda was essential to motivating those who implemented the genocide of the European Jews. Propaganda also served to secure the acquiescence of millions of others to racially targeted persecution and mass murder.
Following the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Adolf Hitler established a Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda headed by Joseph Goebbels. The Ministry's aim was to ensure that the Nazi message was successfully communicated through art, music, theater, films, books, radio, educational materials, and the press. Film in particular played an important role in disseminating racial antisemitism, the superiority of German military power, and the intrinsic evil of the enemies as defined by Nazi ideology. Nazi films portrayed Jews as "subhuman" creatures infiltrating Aryan society. Some films, such as The Triumph of the Will (1935) by Leni Riefenstahl, glorified Hitler and the National Socialist movement. Newspapers in Germany, above all Der Stürmer (The Attacker), printed cartoons that used antisemitic caricatures to depict Jews.
After the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Nazi propaganda stressed to both civilians at home and to soldiers serving in occupied territory themes linking Soviet Communism to European Jewry, painting an apocalyptic picture of what would happen if the Soviets won the war.