The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
Between the Nazi rise to power in 1933 and Nazi Germany’s surrender in 1945, more than 340,000 Jews emigrated from Germany and Austria. The search for refuge frames both the years before the Holocaust and its aftermath.Read more about refugees Explore the Holocaust Encyclopedia
Browse a timeline of major events of the Holocaust and World War II. Covers events from before 1933, 1933–1938, 1939–1941, 1942–1945, and after 1945.Browse the full timeline
New Film Resource
The Path to Nazi Genocide, a 38-minute film, examines the Nazis’ rise and consolidation of power in Germany. Using rare footage, the film explores their ideology, propaganda, and persecution of Jews and other victims.Watch the Film