One of the boys in this neighborhood group of Jewish and non-Jewish playmates became a guard in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Learn the story behind the photo in a new Museum exhibition on collaboration and complicity in the Holocaust.
With their exceptional $15 million gift, Holocaust survivors David and Fela Shapell and their family are leading the effort to secure the collection of record on the Holocaust. Their gift supports our comprehensive campaign, "Never Again. What You Do Matters."
In July 1938, delegates from 32 countries gathered for the Evian Conference to discuss the plight of Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi Germany. Most countries, including the United States, refused to ease their immigration restrictions.
In 1938, Manfred Gans left his parents' home in Germany for the United Kingdom. After World War II began, he was interned as an enemy alien. He volunteered to serve in an elite British unit made up of German native speakers and later took part in the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944.