In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide, the Museum’s Center for the Prevention of Genocide and the National Security Archive have launched a new initiative, Failure to Prevent: International Decision Making in the Age of Genocide. The initiative includes the posting of a series of “electronic briefing books” that provide in-depth analyses of pivotal events before and during the genocide when international action could have made a difference. Explore the books listed below; more will be added over the next several weeks.
Electronic Briefing Books
On January 11, 1994, Lieutenant General Roméo Dallaire, commander of the UN peacekeeping forces in Rwanda, sent a cable to UN headquarters in New York, warning of the impending violence in Rwanda. This “genocide fax” has become a symbol of the failure of the international community to prevent the mass killing.
New English translations of the diplomatic traffic between Brussels and New York on the eve of the Rwandan genocide, along with a series of earlier warnings about the potential for mass violence in Rwanda from US, French, and UN sources, document the passivity of the international community.