Persecution of Roma (Gypsies), 1939-1945
US Holocaust Memorial Museum
Roma (Gypsies) were among the groups singled out on racial grounds for persecution by the Nazi regime. Roma were subjected to internment, deportation, and forced labor, and were sent to extermination camps. Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) also killed tens of thousands of Roma in the German-occupied eastern territories. The fate of the Roma closely paralleled that of Jews.
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