Held annually during the first week of January, the Mandel Center’s Jack and Anita Hess Faculty Seminar is designed for college and university faculty who are teaching or preparing to teach Holocaust or Holocaust-related courses. The seminar is endowed by David and Edward Hess, in memory of their parents, Jack and Anita Hess, who believed passionately in the power of education to overcome racial and religious prejudice.
“[The] seminar was a great learning experience. I really appreciated the interdisciplinary nature of the topic, instructors, and the group. It fundamentally transformed the way I look at geography and history, and this will have a dramatic impact on my teaching and research on the Holocaust.”
—Professor Christopher Mauriello, Salem State College, Massachusetts
Gender and Sexuality in the Holocaust
January 9–13, 2017
The Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum announces the 2017 Jack and Anita Hess seminar for college and university faculty from all disciplines who are teaching or preparing to teach Holocaust or Holocaust-related courses (such as comparative genocide, victims studies, etc.).
This year’s seminar will focus on gender and sexuality in order to strengthen and expand the participants’ knowledge of how social understandings of gender norms and human sexuality affected the lives of perpetrators, bystanders, and victims during the Holocaust. Using a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, the participants will examine where men’s and women’s Holocaust experiences mirrored one another and where they differed, as well as the ways in which the Nazi system redefined—and in some cases shattered—traditional gender roles. Over the course of this seminar, participants will explore how Nazi gender norms and perceptions of sexuality influenced the persecution experiences of Jews who came under German control. They will also examine how National Socialist thinking shaped the ideologies of sexuality, race, and gender that justified the violent exclusion of other, “non-Aryan” groups from the idealized German national body. The themes covered will include, but are not limited to: prewar persecution and women’s vulnerability; sexual violence; and the emasculation of “non-Aryan, untermenschen; forced sterilization; eugenics; instrumental sex; rape; reproductive experimentation; sex work and sex slavery in the military and concentration camps; the linkages between sexuality and race in Nazi ideology; the legislation of human desire; understandings of homosexuality; representations of masculinity and femininity in Nazi rhetoric; voyeurism and public shaming; the tension between passionate camaraderie, homoeroticism, and homosexuality in the numerous all-male institutions in Nazi Germany.”
This seminar is designed for faculty of all academic disciplines. While the seminar will focus on the specific case of the Holocaust, the themes, approaches, and methods that the seminar covers are more broadly applicable for educators who engage the perspectives of victims and survivors in other geographic regions or periods of time, as well as those working in LGBTQ studies, women’s history, gender studies, etc.
The seminar will be held at the United States Holocaust Museum from January 9–13, 2015. It will be co-led by Dagmar Herzog, Distinguished Professor of History and the Daniel Rose Faculty scholar at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York, and Annette Timm, Associate Professor of History at the University of Calgary. Dr. Herzog’s scholarship has examined the role of sexuality in Europe and America and its relation to politics, especially under fascism and in its wake. She has also published widely on gender, theology, and women’s rights. Dr. Herzog is currently analyzing points where psychoanalysis and the social sciences meet. She has written a number of works, including, Cold War Freud: Psychoanalysis in an Age of Catastrophes (2016); Sexuality in Europe: A Twentieth- Century History (2011); Sex in Crisis: The New Sexual Revolution and the Future of American Politics (2008); and Sex after Fascism: Memory and Morality in Twentieth-Century Germany (2005). She has also edited the collections, Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe’s Twentieth Century (2009) and Sexuality and German Fascism (2004). Dr. Timm has written and lectured widely about sexuality, population policy, gender, marriage counseling, and sexual duty. Her published works include, The Politics of Fertility in Twentieth-Century Berlin (2010) and Gender, Sex, and the Shaping of Modern Europe: A History from the French Revolution to the Present Day, co-authored with Joshua Sanborn (2007 & 2016). Dr. Timm’s chapter, “Mothers, Whores or Sometimes Dupes? Emotion and Race in Historiographical Debates about Women in the Third Reich,” in Beyond the Racial State, is forthcoming. She is also one of the editors of, Holocaust History and the Readings of Ka-Tzetnik, which is under contract with Bloomsbury Press.
Professors Herzog and Timm will share insight from their own work, lead participants in discussions, and help participants prepare syllabi for their upcoming classes. Museum staff and visiting scholars working on related subjects will also lead sessions in their areas of expertise. Participants will be introduced to the numerous resources available at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum that can easily be used in their classrooms, such as Experiencing History, the Museum’s digital humanities project; the digitized archives; photo and film archives; and the oral history collection. Participants will also have access to Museum staff and visiting fellows with whom they can consult about their classes and Holocaust-related projects.
Candidates must be faculty members of accredited, baccalaureate-awarding institutions in North America. Applications must include a curriculum vitae, a short statement of the candidate's specific interest in and need to attend the seminar, and a supporting letter from a departmental chair or dean detailing the Holocaust-related courses that the candidate is teaching or planning and the support that the university is providing for Holocaust studies at the institution. If the applicant has already taught an applicable course, a syllabus should be included.
Admission will be decided without regard to the age, gender, race, creed, or national origin of the candidate. A maximum of 20 applicants will be accepted. For non-local participants, the Mandel Center will defray the cost of (1) direct travel to and from the participant’s home institution and Washington, DC, and (2) lodging for the duration of the seminar. Incidentals, meals, and book expenses must be defrayed by the candidates or their respective institutions. All participants must attend the entire seminar.
Applications must be postmarked or received in electronic form no later than Tuesday, November 1, 2016, and sent to:
Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW
Washington, DC 20024-2150
For questions, contact Dr. Kierra Crago-Schneider at 202.314.1779 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Accepted applicants will be notified of the results of the selection process by Friday, November 18, 2016.
This seminar is endowed by Edward and David Hess in memory of their parents, Jack and Anita Hess, who believed passionately in the power of education to overcome racial and religious prejudice.
2016: AFTER THE HOLOCAUST: TEACHING THE POSTWAR WORLD
The 2016 seminar explored the complex history of the postwar world, including topics such as: the problems of survival; the political wrangling over displaced persons; the integration of the experience of soldiers and evacuees into the history; the issues of postwar justice and restitution; and the challenge of representation for future generations.
2015: Using Film and Media to Teach about the Holocaust
The 2015 seminar explored the use of film and media to teach about the Holocaust in the university classroom. Representation of the Holocaust in film was analyzed from its evolution during the early postwar period until today, ranging from documentary productions to feature films and television. The seminar explored the intent, form, content, and utility—as well as change and continuity—of this form of Holocaust representation.
2014: Holocaust LiTerature: Teaching Fiction and Poetry.
The 2014 seminar focused on imaginative responses to the Holocaust created by a variety of writers—from those writing during the Holocaust, to survivors, to members of the second generation, to those without an explicit family connection to this history.
2013: Teaching about the Holocaust: History, Memory, and Memorialization
The 2013 seminar examined the history, memory, and memorialization of the Holocaust by analyzing the intent, form, content, and context—as well as change and continuity—of Holocaust representation. Daily sessions explored Holocaust remembrance, and the construction of memory in literature and visual representation, by surveying memorialization and educational efforts at sites of destruction, at monuments, and in museums. James E. Young, Distinguished University Professor in English and Judaic Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and founding director of its Institute for Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies, led the seminar.
2012: Holocaust Geographies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Teaching about the Holocaust
The 2012 seminar explored how the Holocaust created, changed, and destroyed places with particular meanings to those who inhabited them. Drawing on a range of primary sources and secondary literature, seminar participants examined a number of Holocaust landscapes (forest, ghetto, rail, camp, attic, road) in order to reveal how perpetrators made and remade the European landscape, how victims experienced (and reshaped) these landscapes, what bystanders witnessed there, and these sites’ postwar histories of commemoration and erasure.
Participants learned how to incorporate various kinds of geographical visualization into their own teaching about the Holocaust, including how to use historical maps in teaching and research, how to make simple maps, and how to use digital media to convey the geographic and spatio-temporal dimensions of the Holocaust to students and other audiences.
2011: Teaching about the Holocaust through EyeWitness Testimony: Using Interviews and Memoirs in the Classroom
The 2011 seminar explored pedagogic strategies, challenges, and opportunities when teaching with, and about, first-person accounts in university courses on the Holocaust. It consisted of presentations and discussions about the Holocaust, focusing on the varied collections of newly available eyewitness accounts. Daily sessions assessed the insights gained from eyewitnesses’ experiences and explored the teaching possibilities and challenges associated with using this rich repository.
Participants also received introductions to the Museum’s vast array of oral testimony holdings, including the Museum’s own considerable 9,000 videotaped oral histories, postwar memoirs, and rare book collections; the USC Shoah Foundation Institute Visual History Archive; the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies; the Yahad-In Unum Collection at the Museum; and the David Boder Oral History Interviews of Displaced Persons.
2010: The Holocaust in the Soviet Union: New Sources, New PerspectiveS for Use in Teaching
The 2010 seminar examined the Holocaust through case studies from Nazi-occupied areas of the Soviet Union and explored the actions, motivations, and responses of perpetrators, collaborators, bystanders, and victims to aspects of the genocide that have previously received less scholarly attention.
2009: The Holocaust and Other Genocides: Historical Contexts, Legal Issues, and Ethical Dilemmas
The 2009 seminar analyzed the Holocaust within the broader historical context of genocides of the modern era by focusing on the ethical dilemmas and legal issues surrounding these events. The seminar was co-led by John K. Roth, Edward J. Sexton Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Claremont McKenna College, and Donald Bloxham, Professor of Modern History at the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom.
2008: The Holocaust: Perpetrators, Victims, and Bystanders
The 2008 seminar focused on the complex interactions between perpetrators, victims, and bystanders. Through presentations and discussions about the history of the Holocaust, the seminar examined the actions, interactions, and motivations of these three critical groups in Holocaust history. Special attention was given to the relationships among these groups, the “gray zones” between them, and the many people who fit more than one of those labels. Pedagogical sessions featured participant-facilitated discussions on classroom teaching methods and roundtable discussions on teaching strategies across multiple disciplines.
2007: Literature and the Holocaust
The 2007 seminar was designed for professors who are teaching or preparing to teach English, Jewish studies, literature, or other courses with a Holocaust-related literature component. The seminar included daily sessions of lectures and discussions of the principal works, latest approaches, newest techniques, and key pedagogical issues in the field; the use of Holocaust-related fiction and poetry in university-level courses; the ways in which the history and memory of the Holocaust are transmitted in literature; public reception of those transmissions; the relationship between oral testimony and literature; Jewish literary responses to the Holocaust by victims and survivors; and use of literature to confront the emotional trauma left behind after genocide.
The seminar was team-taught by Dr. David G. Roskies, Sol and Evelyn Henkind Professor and Chair of Jewish Literature and Culture at The Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, and Dr. Sara R. Horowitz, Director of the Centre for Jewish Studies and Professor of Humanities and English, at York University, Toronto, Ontario.
2006: Seminar for Faculty of Historically Black Colleges and Universities
The 2006 seminar was designed for professors at historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) who are teaching or preparing to teach a Holocaust-related course, or who plan to expand a current course to include a significant Holocaust-related component. The seminar comprised daily thematic sessions covering topics such as Holocaust history and racial theory; Jews and other victims of the Nazis; the Black experience in Nazi Germany; the history of race in the United States; colonialism and racism; the minority experience as outsider or “other”; the impact on families and family dynamics; the issue of property and restitution; Black-Jewish relations; and memory of the Holocaust and memory of slavery and the slave trade.
Small group discussions, chaired by peer leaders, explored how to effectively integrate these issues and topics into specific courses taught at HBCUs. The seminar was team-taught by Dr. Mary Coleman, Professor of Political Science, Associate Dean, College of Liberal Arts, and Director, Center for University Scholars, at Jackson State University, and Dr. Alan Steinweis, Rosenberg Associate Professor of History at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.
2005: The Holocaust and Antisemitism in France
The 2005 seminar examined the prewar background of antisemitism in France, the Jewish refugee crisis of the 1930s, the antisemitic policies of the Vichy government, the role of public opinion in the Holocaust in France, Jewish responses to the Holocaust, and Holocaust memory and Holocaust denial in French national consciousness.
The seminar was led by Dr. Vicki Caron, Diann G. and Thomas A. Mann Professor of Modern Jewish Studies at Cornell University and 2005 J. B. and Maurice Shapiro Senior Scholar-in-Residence, and Dr. Henry Rousso, Director of the Institut d’Histoire du Temps Présent at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Professor of History at the University of Paris-Nanterre. Twenty-one professors teaching courses on 20th-century France participated.
2004: Seminar for Faculty of Hispanic-Serving Institutions
The 2004 seminar—the first to be endowed as the Jack and Anita Hess Seminar for Faculty—was designed for professors in history, social sciences, or the humanities who are teaching a Holocaust-related course at Hispanic-serving institutions or other institutions serving significant numbers of Hispanic students or who are preparing to teach a Holocaust-related course or expanding a current course to include Holocaust-related components.
The seminar was taught by Dr. Wolf Gruner, Distinguished Visiting Professor at Webster University in Missouri, and Dr. Elaine Leeder, Dean of the School of Social Sciences at Sonoma State University in California. The seminar featured lectures and discussions on Holocaust history, in conjunction with broader academic perspectives, including literature and music as transmitters of heritage, as well as social and political strategies adopted by individuals and communities in the midst of ethnic violence, victimization, and exile.
2003: Theology, Ethics, Religion, and the Holocaust
The 2003 seminar featured sessions on the history of anti-Judaism and antisemitism, churches and the Holocaust, the Holocaust and contemporary general ethics, and debates on the actions of religious figures during the Holocaust. Attended by 16 faculty members from universities and seminaries throughout the United States, the seminar was taught by Fr. John T. Pawlikowski, Professor of Social Ethics and Director of Catholic Jewish Studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago.
2002: The History and Development of the Concentration Camp System
Professor Emeritus Henry Friedlander led the 2002 seminar for faculty teaching Holocaust-related courses.
2001: Seminar for Faculty of Historically Black Colleges and Universities
The 2001 seminar featured the following sessions: “Hitler’s Rise to Power and the Consolidation of Nazi Rule,” “Toward a War for Race and Space, 1936–1941,” “From the Peak Years of Killing to the Collapse of the Third Reich,” and “The Aftermath and Legacy of the Holocaust.” Attended by 13 faculty members from historically black colleges and universities, the seminar was taught by Dr. Doris Bergen, Professor of History at Notre Dame University.
2000: The Holocaust in Poland
The 2000 seminar featured lectures and discussions on topics such as Poland between the wars; the Polish question during World War II; Polish society, Polish-Jewish relations and the Holocaust; the aftermath of the Holocaust on Polish lands; and the memory of the Holocaust. Attended by 17 professors either teaching or preparing to teach a 20th-century history course on Poland, the seminar was taught by Dr. Antony Polonsky, Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University.