"Belsen Concentration Camp" British Royal Artillery officers in charge of the camp describe conditions after liberation, "So far, we've buried 17,000. When we came here, conditions were indescribable...no food for six days...none of us are likely to forget what German people have done." 06:02:32 A woman doctor (survivor - Hadassah Bimko, later Hadassah Rosensaft), who was a prisoner in charge of the female section, describes conditions before liberation. She speaks in German, partly translated into English by the film's narrator. "There were no covers, straw stacks, or beds of any kind. Persons had to lie directly on the ground. They were given 1/12 of a loaf of bread and some watery soup daily. Almost 75% of the people were bloated from hunger. An epidemic of typhus broke out. 250 women and thousands of men died daily. In the men's camp, they cut out liver, heart, and other parts of the dead, and ate them."
"No medicines were available, because the SS men had collected everything. Two days before the British Army came, the first Red Cross food was distributed. Two months before, 150 kilograms of chocolate had been sent to the children of the camp. Ten kilograms were distributed. The rest the Kommandant kept for himself, and used it as barter to his personal advantage."
She concludes by saying that gynecological and other experiments were performed on 19 year old girls. 06:05:36
Nazi camp commander Josef Kramer and captured guards. Scenes of dead and survivors, scattered all over, cooking, resting, benches, stools, tent. Woman kissing hand of a soldier-liberator. Corpses, some hauled onto truck bed. German guards (women and men) forced to bury the dead with bulldozer, operator's face covered with kerchief, holds hand to mouth, looks pained, sick. CU bodies. Kellogg affidavit.
Reel 6 of The Nazi Concentration Camps, NARA 238.2.
The USHMM contains a 16mm film print of "Nazi Concentration Camps" from National Audiovisual Center. However, there is no direct video transfer from this print. The National Archives and Records Administration contains six 35mm reels of "Nazi Concentration Camps" under original archive number 238.2. The USHMM did not obtain a copy of these reels either. Instead, the USHMM owns each subject separately, ordered by a US Army Signal Corps (111 ADC) number. The USHMM also holds a copy from the National Center for Jewish Film cataloged as RG-60.2629, Film ID 2322.
Biography / History:
"Nazi Concentration Camps" was compiled as evidence and shown at the Nuremberg Trials on November 29, 1945 as Prosecution Exhibit #230. It contains film evidence of Nazi atrocities at the concentration camps of Leipzig, Penig, Ohrdruf, Hadamar, Breendonck, Hanover, Arnstadt, Nordhausen, Mauthausen, Buchenwald, Dachau, and Belsen. The film was produced for the U.S. Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality in 1945. It was directed by Navy Cmdrs. James B. Donovan and E. Ray Kellogg. George C. Stevens was responsible for directing the photography and filming of the concentration camps as liberated by Allied forces. The film has also been called "Concentration Camps in Germany, 1939-1945".
1994.119.1 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased this from the National Archives and Records Administration in September 1994.
Navy Cmdr. James B. Donovan; Navy Cmdr. E. Ray Kellogg; George C. Stevens
US Army Signal Corps
National Archives & Records Administration (NARA), 111 ADC 8553
35mm; b/w; composite
Betacam SP; VHS
06:01:20 - 06:11:45