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Americans’ Responses to Jewish Refugees: Wrestling with Fear and Moral Responsibility
Two Jewish refugees arrive in New York City after the war. US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Centre d’Études et de Documentation Guerre et Société Contemporaines
Xenophobia, antisemitism, economic insecurity, and restrictive immigration laws. These were the barriers Jewish refugees faced in the 1930–40s when seeking safe haven in the United States. More than 70 years later, how can this history help us think about the world we live in today?
Speaker Rebecca Erbelding, Archivist, US Holocaust Memorial Museum
Watch: Aerial Photography and the Holocaust—The Dino A. Brugioni Collection
A veteran of World War II, Dino Brugioni joined the CIA in 1948 and eventually worked in its National Photographic Interpretation Center. In the 1970s, he began to wonder what photographs the CIA might have of Auschwitz in 1944.
A look back at two seminal events in Holocaust history involving the United States invites reflection on the role of individuals, organizations, and governments in confronting hatred and mass atrocities.
Holocaust Encyclopedia: The United States and the Holocaust—Rescue Attempts
During World War II, the United States failed to act decisively and specifically with regard to victims of the Holocaust. United States officials argued that military victory over Germany offered the best prospects of halting the killing.
Special Focus: American Responses to the Holocaust
Between 1933 and 1945 the United States government, American organizations and institutions, and private individuals responded in a wide variety of ways to the news of Nazi persecution, the refugee problem, and the Holocaust.