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June 23, 2017
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Ticket Price:

2 p.m.

US Holocaust Memorial Museum
100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW
Washington, DC 20024

The Lost Jews of Kastoria
An engagement photo of Allegra and Calef Elias taken in Kastoria, circa 1918. <i>Courtesy of Lena and Maurice Russo</i>
An engagement photo of Allegra and Calef Elias taken in Kastoria, circa 1918. Courtesy of Lena and Maurice Russo

Jews and Christians lived in harmony in the idyllic city of Kastoria, Greece, for more than two millennia. When Axis forces took control of the city in October 1940 the Jewish community remained safe under Italian rule. But Italy’s surrender to the Allies in September 1943 spelled doom for Kastoria’s Jews. Germany took control of the city and implemented the “Final Solution.” This documentary film uses never-before-seen archival footage that is now in the Museum’s collection, vibrantly bringing to life just one of the many Jewish communities that existed in Greece before World War II.

The Museum would like to thank the following donors to our collection: Martin Elias for the Sam H. Elias Film Collection, Andrea Matza Grass for the Anna and Bocko Mayo Film Collection, and Lena Elias Russo for the Lena and Maurice Russo Film Collection.

Larry Confino, Producer and Codirector
Larry Russo, Executive Producer and Codirector
Leslie Swift, Chief, Film, Oral History, and Recorded Sound, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

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Holocaust Encyclopedia: Greece
On October 28, 1940, Fascist Italy invaded Greece from bases in Albania, which Italy had occupied and annexed in April 1939. Within a matter of days, however, the Greek army drove the Italians back into the Albanian mountains, where the conflict reached a stalemate.
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Special Focus: Kastoria
Kastoria is located on an ancient trade route in the mountains between Thessaloniki and Ioannina. Many of Kastoria’s Jews were employed in the manufacturing of fur and leather items, for which the city became famous.
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Highlights from the Collections: Sephardic Communities and the Holocaust
What can a wedding photo tell us about the struggle to survive for a centuries-old Sephardic culture? Or a private letter, about the ordeal faced by one Sephardic community at a turning point in history?
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Holocaust Encyclopedia: Italy
In October 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III appointed the leader of the Italian Fascist Party, Benito Mussolini, as prime minister of Italy. Over the next seven years, the Fascists established and consolidated a one-party dictatorship.
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