Why did the Holocaust happen? Why did some watch and do nothing to help? Why did others risk their lives to save total strangers? Why don't we learn from the past?

Never Stop Asking

With extremism, hatred, and antisemitism and on the rise, the Museum is seeking to spark a global conversation about why these forces persist, and what makes both individuals and societies resilient.


Voices of #ASKWHY

Know the history

What is antisemitism?

Antisemitism—prejudice against or hatred of Jews—did not begin or end with the Nazi regime. Examples from Europe, the Middle East, and the US explain how antisemitic violence and Holocaust denial are still a threat to society and on the rise.

Timeline of Antisemitism

The Nazis targeted groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority" or on political, ideological, or behavioral grounds.

Voices on Antisemitism

Authors, athletes, and influencers offer perspectives on antisemitism and the impact of hatred today.

Symbols of Hatred and Antisemitism

Neo-Nazism and white supremacy movements use symbols, terms, and ideology drawn directly from Nazi Germany.

Latest News

Learn more at ushmm.org, or join the conversation with #AskWhy

Historic film in header video gift of Ann Major and courtesy of Filmoteka Narodowa, Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, and Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid.

Counterclockwise from top: Photo by Markus Heine/NurPhoto via Getty Images, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of bpk-Bildagentur, Courtesy of the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland (FODZ), United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Wendie Theus


Help Us Fight Hate

When Nazi symbols are openly used to promote hate, that’s a warning to all of us. Knowledge is power—donate today to fight back.