Cases of Genocide
During the conflict (1992-95), an estimated 100,000 people were killed; 80% of the civilians killed were Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks). In July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces killed as many as 8,000 Bosniaks from Srebrenica. It was the largest massacre in Europe since the Holocaust.
Long considered one of the world’s most persecuted peoples, the Muslim Rohingya have no legal status in Burma and face severe discrimination, abuse, and escalating violence.
Between 1975 and 1979, the Khmer Rouge perpetrated one of the great crimes of the 20th century. Some two million people died under this radical Communist regime that ruled Cambodia through a cruel and ruthless system of forced labor, persecution, and execution aimed at bringing about an agrarian utopia. The regime’s actions took the lives of one quarter to one third of Cambodia’s population in the “Killing Fields,” one of the largest cases of mass slaughter since the Holocaust.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (known as Zaire until 1997) has suffered two wars since 1996. The first war (1996), began as a direct result of the 1994 Rwandan genocide. The second began in 1998 and involved the armed forces of at least seven countries and multiple militias.
Between April and July 1994, at least 500,000 Tutsi were killed when a Hutu extremist-led government launched a plan to murder the country’s entire Tutsi minority and any others who opposed the government’s policies.
Sudan comprises the 15 states formerly known as northern Sudan. The Sudanese government has been responsible for systematic attacks on entire civilian populations during several internal wars since the country’s independence in 1956. Today, Sudan’s civilian population faces threats from continuing and potential new violence.
Since its outbreak in April 2011, the conflict in Syria has cost the lives of more than 200,000 Syrians, displaced millions, and involved numerous atrocities and crimes against humanity.