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Allied Troops Encounter Natzweiler-Struthof

View of the Natzweiler concentration camp. 1945.

View of the Natzweiler concentration camp. 1945. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Abraham M. Muhlbaum

November 23, 1944

Allied troops arrive at the abandoned Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp.

With the approach of Allied forces in August-September 1944, the SS authorities evacuated the main camp at Natzweiler-Struthof and distributed the prisoners among its subcamps. In April 1945, the Germans disbanded the subcamps and sent most of the prisoners on forced evacuation marches over long distances and under brutal conditions toward the Dachau concentration camp in southern Germany.

From May 1941 to March 1945, between 19,000 and 20,000 people died in the Natzweiler-Struthof camp system.