Theresienstadt Camp-Ghetto Established
November 24, 1941
German authorities establish the camp-ghetto Theresienstadt (located in the garrison town of Terezin in the German-controlled Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia).
The Theresienstadt "camp-ghetto" existed for three and a half years, between November 24, 1941 and May 9, 1945. Neither a ghetto as such nor strictly a concentration camp, Theresienstadt served as a “settlement,” an assembly camp, and a concentration camp, and thus had recognizable features of both ghettos and concentration camps. In its function as a tool of deception, Theresienstadt was a unique facility and served an important propaganda function for the Germans.