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Theresienstadt Camp-Ghetto Established

Map of Theresienstadt that was cut out of an original document and mounted on black paper in an album assembled by a survivor.

Map of Theresienstadt that was cut out of an original document and mounted on black paper in an album assembled by a survivor. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Henry Kahn

November 24, 1941

German authorities establish the camp-ghetto Theresienstadt (located in the garrison town of Terezin in the German-controlled Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia).

The Theresienstadt "camp-ghetto" existed for three and a half years, between November 24, 1941 and May 9, 1945. Neither a ghetto as such nor strictly a concentration camp, Theresienstadt served as a “settlement,” an assembly camp, and a concentration camp, and thus had recognizable features of both ghettos and concentration camps. In its function as a tool of deception, Theresienstadt was a unique facility and served an important propaganda function for the Germans.

Red triangle patch worn by Czech political prisoner Karel Bruml in Theresienstadt. The letter “T” stands for Tscheche (Czech) in German.

Red triangle patch worn by Czech political prisoner Karel Bruml in Theresienstadt. The letter "T" stands for Tscheche (Czech) in German. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Charles and Hana Bruml

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