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Munich Agreement

[silent] An agreement signed at the Munich conference of September 1938 ceded the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. The agreement was reached between Germany, Italy, Britain, and France. Czechoslovakia was not permitted to attend the conference. In March 1939, six months after signing the Munich agreement, Hitler violated the agreement and destroyed the Czech state. —UCLA Film and Television Archive

September 29, 1938

September 29–30, 1938: Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich agreement, by which Czechoslovakia must surrender its border regions and defenses (the so-called Sudeten region) to Nazi Germany. German troops occupy these regions between October 1 and 10, 1938.

Hitler had threatened to unleash a European war unless the Sudetenland, a border area of Czechoslovakia containing an ethnic German majority, was surrendered to Germany. The leaders of Britain, France, and Ital y agreed to the German annexation of the Sudetenland in exchange for a pledge of peace from Hitler. Czechoslovakia, which was not a party to the Munich negotiations, agreed under significant pressure from Britain and France.

Adolf Hitler greets Neville Chamberlain upon the British Prime Minister’s arrival in Munich, Germany, on September 29, 1938. Chamberlain (1869-1940), British Prime Minister from May 1937 to May 1940, was the leading British exponent of the appeasement of Nazi Germany in the late 1930s.

Adolf Hitler greets Neville Chamberlain upon the British Prime Minister's arrival in Munich, Germany, on September 29, 1938. Chamberlain (1869-1940), British Prime Minister from May 1937 to May 1940, was the leading British exponent of the appeasement of Nazi Germany in the late 1930s. — National Archives and Records Administration, College Park

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