United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Occupied Paris, 1940
The Art and Politics of Arthur Szyk
wartime caricaturist

Exhibition tour
historical film
historical film
historical photo
[USHMM #93824/Anonymous, California;
Original materials: Graphite, watercolor, and ink on paper;
Original dimensions: 10 1/8" x 13 13/16"]

Occupied Paris, 1940
A month after the fall of France in June 1940, Szyk and his family left England for Canada. In Ottawa, he created this potent image of an engorged Nazi pig resting heavily upon the city of Paris.

[Exhibition tour with video illustration:
Occupied Paris

Playing time :54

Narration from audio tour produced by Antenna Audio.]

Listen to the description of Occupied Paris from the audio tour produced to accompany the Museum's exhibition. The video clip highlights features described in the narration.

[Historical film footage:
Swastika flag rises over Versailles and Paris

Paris, France
June 1940


Playing time 1:24

National Archives - Film ]

The German western campaign into the Low Countries and France shattered Allied lines. Within six weeks, Britain evacuated its forces from the Continent and France requested an armistice with Germany. Paris, the French capital, fell to the Germans on June 14, 1940. In this footage, triumphant German forces raise the swastika flag over Versailles and over the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Versailles, the traditional residence of French kings, was deeply symbolic for the Germans: it was the site of both the declaration of the German Empire in 1871 and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919. The Treaty of Versailles had imposed humiliating peace terms on Germany after its defeat in World War I. Germany would occupy Paris for the next four years, until 1944.

[Historical film footage:
Hitler tours Paris

Paris, France
June 23, 1940


Playing time 1:07

National Archives - Film ]

One day after France signed an armistice with Germany in June 1940, Adolf Hitler celebrated the German victory over France with a tour of Paris. Here, Hitler's train arrives in Paris. Hitler's tour included the Paris opera, the Champs-Elysees, the Arc de Triomphe, and the Eiffel Tower. After visiting Napoleon's tomb and the Sacre Coeur, Hitler left Paris. In all, Hitler spent about three hours in the city. In July, Hitler returned in triumph to Berlin, Germany.

Adolf Hitler and his personal architect, Albert Speer, in Paris shortly after the fall of France. Paris, France, June 23, 1940.
[USHMM #80491/Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz ]

Adolf Hitler and his personal architect, Albert Speer, in Paris shortly after the fall of France.

Paris, France, June 23, 1940.

Jewish Artist
Action-not Pity
Szyk resources
Action-not Pity