Music of the Holocaust: Highlights from the Collection

Songs of the ghettos, concentration camps, and World War II partisan outposts



United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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“Krematorium” (Wiktor Siminski, undated)
“Krematorium” (Wiktor Siminski, undated)
USHMM/Kulisiewicz Collection RG-55.011
Black Böhm
(Czarny Böhm)

Sachsenhausen concentration camp, 1942

Lyrics by: Aleksander Kulisiewicz

Music by: camp adaptation of I szumyt, i hudyt (Ruthenian folk song)

Language: Polish


Performed by Aleksander Kulisiewicz

Wilhelm Böhm, nicknamed “Czarny” (black) Böhm, was among the more grisly denizens of Sachsenhausen camp. Short and hunchbacked, with long, ape-like arms, Böhm, a camp Kapo, was also distinctly charred in appearance due to his work as a cremation specialist. Wildly enthusiastic about his job, Böhm had been known to cry out to passing prisoners, “Come to Böhm! You’ll surely be coming my way soon, so why not now?” Kulisiewicz reports that in 1941–1942 Böhm helped cremate some 18,000 Soviet prisoners of war murdered at Sachsenhausen. He is thought to have died of a contagious infection in 1943.

Kulisiewicz first performed Czarny Böhm at a cabaret staged by the inmates of Block 23 on New Year’s eve, 1942. The first three stanzas of the song are meant to represent the voice of the ghoulish Böhm, while the final stanza shifts to Kulisiewicz’s own point of view.

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Related Links:

Aleksander Kulisiewicz

Sachsenhausen concentration camp (article in the USHMM’s Holocaust Encyclopedia)