In reality, the Germans are the last people who have a right to hate the Jews, because they are too similar to the Jews. The Jews also distinguish themselves as individuals among the German "great men." As individuals, they often surpass the worth of their nation....Music is considered the most German of all arts, and among its most brilliant and devoted contributors are many Jews. -Hatred (Der Hass), 1933
WORKS PICTURED Die große Liebe, 1912 cover
WORKS BURNED All works published before May 1933
Heinrich Mann (1871-1950), the brother of German author Thomas Mann, was an early target of the Nazis. Mann was forced to flee to France early in 1933 after being dismissed from his post as chairman of the literature division at the Prussian Academy of Art. Nazi persecution of Mann was, on the one hand, the result of his writings, which lampooned the servility of the German middle class during the Empire and the undemocratic aspects of the Weimar Republic. The Nazis also despised his political actions--his attempts to reconcile France and Germany and to effect a coalition between Social Democrats and Communists in order to prevent the rise of Hitler. All of his works, both fiction and non-fiction, were burned. In 1940, Mann fled France and settled in Los Angeles with the help of a screenwriting contract with Warner Brothers, which his brother Thomas was able to secure for him. He continued to write, but success eluded him in America. He died in Santa Monica, California, in 1950.