Nobody asked us what we [the children] thought. The war belonged to the adults, we were feeling left out and lonely. We believed in nothing, but we did everything. We had known for a while that the war was a terrible disease, since we saw how everyone attempted to avoid it. Even the soldiers at the front line were happy if they were wounded. -Jahrgang 1902 (Class of 1902), 1928
WORKS BURNED All works published before May 1933
Ernst Glaeser (1902-1963) began his literary career as a dramatist and journalist. His work, including the anti-war novel Jahrgang 1902 (Class of 1902), earned him a prominent place among Social Democratic authors. He also attended the Second International Conference of Revolutionary Writers in the Ukraine in 1930 and collaborated on a book highly favorable to the Soviets. A year after the Nazis burned his books, which were considered leftist and anti-fascist, Glaeser fled to Switzerland. However, the books he wrote during his exile were criticized by some Communists as being too "bourgeois" and nationalistic. Glaeser returned to Germany in 1939 and made an ideological about-face. During the war he wrote for German frontline newspapers and air force periodicals, using the pseudonym Ernst Töpfer. His former fellow exiles denounced him as a traitor to their cause. Glaeser was never able to restore his reputation. He died in Mainz in 1963.