WORKS BURNED Oil Imperialism: The International Struggle for Petroleum
Philadelphia-born Louis Fischer (1896-1970) was a political historian and a recognized authority on the Soviet Union. During World War I, he fought with the Jewish Legion, a British military unit in Palestine. In 1922, he moved to the Soviet Union. He remained there for 14 years, working as a journalist. In 1933, the Nazis burned his writing for its sympathy toward Communism. Fischer left the Soviet Union during the Stalinist purges of intellectuals, many of Fischer's friends and fellow Jews among them. He gradually drifted away from Communism. Fischer traveled extensively, enlisting with the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War and visiting India where he befriended Mahatma Gandhi. In 1938, he returned to the United States and eventually joined the faculty at Princeton University. By 1950, Fischer was utterly disillusioned with Communism and took part in the milestone anti-Communist symposium "The God That Failed." His 1930 The Soviets and World Affairs was used as a textbook in 1950s America.