Rachel Denber, deputy director of the Europe and Central Asia division, specializes in countries of the former Soviet Union. Previously, Denber directed Human Rights Watch’s Moscow office and did field research and advocacy in Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Estonia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. She has authored reports on a wide range of human rights issues throughout the region. Denber earned a bachelor’s degree from Rutgers University in international relations and a master’s degree in political science from Columbia University, where she studied at the Harriman Institute. She speaks Russian and French.