Michael Larmas Smith is a member of the GPOI Team, handling the Africa, GPOI Global Strategy, and International Outreach portfolios. On behalf of the U.S.’ Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Michael designed and was the Course Director for NGAMLP—a course which focuses on leadership training, civil-military relations, security strategy studies, and defense economics for the next generation of African military leaders. In 2004, he served as the Chief U.S. planner and liaison at the AU Commission in Addis Ababa for the planning of the African Union Mission in Darfur, Sudan. From July 2004-August 2005, Michael served as the Africa Security Affairs subject matter expert for several Institute for Defense Analyses studies for the United States Departments of Defense and State. Earlier in 2004, Michael served as the Study Leader for the ECOMIL AAR. In 2003, on behalf of the US Department of State, Michael was responsible for a series of initiatives oriented upon improving the operational effectiveness of ECOWAS in stability and support operations. In April 2002- December 2002, Michael served as the Program Director at the U.S. Army Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Series. In 2001, Michael assisted the Nigerian armed forces to develop Joint doctrine and Army doctrine in Nigeria. From May 1999 to June 2001, Michael served as the Assistant Dean for the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, a US Department of Defense organization. From 1975-1999, Michael served in the United States Army.