Gabrielle Kirk McDonald currently serves as a judge with the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal in The Hague, The Netherlands. This is Judge McDonald’s second assignment in The Hague. Her first was with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as one of the original judges elected by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1993. She presided over the first trial and in 1997 she was elected President of the Tribunal. From 1979 to 1988, she served as a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas. She is a member of the Bars of New York and Texas. Judge McDonald began her legal career as a staff attorney with the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund in New York City and continued as a civil rights attorney with firms in Texas. Besides having taught law at several law schools in the United States, Judge McDonald has written many articles and edited a book on International Criminal Law. She is also a frequent lecturer on the work of the International Criminal Tribunals and a Business and Human Rights Consultant. Judge McDonald has received numerous awards and honors in recognition of her achievements. A member of the Board of Trustees of Howard University, she has also served on the Executive Board of the American Bar Association Center for Human Rights and on the Board of Directors of the American Arbitration Association. Judge McDonald attended Hunter College and Boston University and is a graduate of Howard University School of Law, first in her class.