Diane F. Orentlicher is Professor of law at Washington College of Law, American University in Washington, DC, where she has taught since 1992. Professor Orentlicher is also Director of the law school’s War Crimes Research Office, which undertakes legal analysis in support of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. She has taught courses at Oxford University, the law schools of Harvard, Yale, and Columbia Universities; and at both the Graduate School of Business and the School of International and Public Affairs of Columbia University. Her work has mainly focused on issues of accountability for human rights crimes, transitions to democracy, corporate responsibility in a transnational context, and the relationship between ethnic identity and political participation. Professor Orentlicher has published extensively on states’ obligations under international law to provide effective response to gross violations of human rights. In recent years, Professor Orentlicher has provided legal analysis in support of several major prosecutions of human rights violations. She participated in the 1998 diplomatic conference in Rome to establish a permanent international criminal court. Professor Orentlicher has degrees from Yale University (BA) and Columbia Law School (JD) where she served as Editor of the Columbia Law Review.