Report of the Co-Chairs of the Working Group on R2PClose
Keynote Address by Lloyd AxworthyClose
Contemporary Application of R2P: Practitioners' PerspectivesClose
Sixty-eight years after the Holocaust, governments continue to struggle with how to prevent genocide and mass atrocities. This symposium brought together leaders from inside and outside government to examine the utility of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a tool for preventing the world’s worst crimes.
At the symposium, the Working Group on R2P—a joint project of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Brookings Institution, and the United States Institute of Peace—released its report, co-authored by former Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright and former Special Envoy to Sudan Richard S. Williamson. This report takes a critical look at how R2P has been applied in recent cases and makes recommendations for how US policymakers could strengthen and better apply this emerging international norm.
The symposium addressed such questions as:
- What is R2P and how did it evolve?
- Has R2P been successful in preventing mass atrocities?
- What are some of the challenges associated with implementing R2P?
- How has R2P impacted recent situations, such as Libya and Syria?
- What role does R2P play in the formation of US foreign policy?
Lloyd Axworthy, president of the University of Winnipeg and former minister of foreign affairs for Canada, provided the keynote address on the US commitment to the principles of R2P, and a panel of experts examined how they are put into action. The panel drew on its practical experience to outline the challenges facing R2P in the current global political landscape and how this norm has informed policy discussions about taking effective action.
Sara J. Bloomfield, Director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
The United States and R2P: The Report of the Co-Chairs of the Working Group on R2P
This panel served as the public launch for the Working Group on R2P’s final report and recommendations on how the emerging international norm has evolved, the challenges to implementing it, and what can be done to increase its utility as a tool to prevent genocide and mass atrocities.
Madeleine K. Albright, former US Secretary of State and Co-Chair of the Working Group on R2P
Richard S. Williamson, former Presidential Special Envoy for Sudan and Co-Chair of the Working Group on R2P
David Ignatius, Foreign Affairs Columnist, Washington Post
Mike Abramowitz, Director, Center for the Prevention of Genocide, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Lloyd Axworthy, President of the University of Winnipeg and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Canada
Contemporary Application of R2P: Practitioners’ Perspectives
This panel examined how the principles of R2P are put into action. Panelists outlined the challenges facing R2P in the current global political landscape and discussed how this emerging norm has informed policy discussions about taking effective action to prevent genocide and mass atrocities.
Michael Gerson, Op-ed Columnist, Washington Post, and former Chief Speechwriter and Policy Advisor for President George W. Bush
Heather Hurlburt, Executive Director, National Security Network, and former official in the White House, US Department of State, and US Congress
Nicholas Burns, Professor, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and former US Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs
Susan Glasser, Editor, Politico, and former Editor-in-Chief, Foreign Policy