Born: 1934, Lubochna, Czechoslovakia
Describes international tribunals [Interview: 2005]
The difference between Nuremberg and the ICC [International Criminal Court] of course, or the ICTY (the Yugoslav tribunal), is that the Nuremberg tribunal of course was a tribunal that consisted of judges drawn from the four victor countries and it was established by them, whereas these tribunals -- the Yugoslav tribunal and the Rwanda tribunal -- have been established by the Security Council. And the ICC has been established by treaty and the judges come from all parts of the world. That's progress, and in a sense it shows that it's not only one group of the international community but the entire international community which has an interest in these institutions and has a part in it.
Now an international judge, Thomas Buergenthal was one of the youngest survivors of the Auschwitz and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. He emigrated to the United States at the age of 17. He has served as judge and president of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and as a member of the United Nations Truth Commission for El Salvador. Buergenthal was chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Committee on Conscience. Buergenthal became a member of the International Court of Justice in March 2000, a seat he still occupies.
US Holocaust Memorial Museum