Born: 1909, Offenbach, Germany
Describes giving up her daughter to be sheltered [Interview: 1992]
Although originally from Germany, Helen was living in the Netherlands with her husband and young daughter when the Germans invaded in May 1940. Helen and her husband sent their daughter to non-Jewish friends, and went into hiding themselves. They stayed in a variety of places arranged by a friend who was active in the underground. On August 25, 1944, Helen and her husband were arrested. They were sent first to Westerbork and then to Auschwitz, where they were separated. Helen worked in the I.G. Farben factory in Auschwitz. Helen survived; she and her daughter emigrated to the United States in 1947.
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