Born: 1930, Cristuru-Secuiesc, Romania
Describes how music gave him the strength to survive while imprisoned in concentration camps [Interview: 1992]
Shony was born to religious Jewish parents in a small Transylvanian city. He began to learn the violin at age 5. His town was occupied by Hungary in 1940 and by Germany in 1944. In May 1944, he was deported to the Auschwitz camp in Poland. He was transferred to the Natzweiler camp system in France and then to Dachau, where he was liberated by U.S. troops in April 1945. In 1950, he emigrated to the U.S., and became a composer and a professional violinist.
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