After the conclusion of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (IMT), American General Telford Taylor was appointed as chief prosecutor for what became known as the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. Since the IMT had already established the criminality of war crimes, aggressive war, and crimes against humanity, the subsequent trials were for the purpose of determining the guilt of second-tier Nazis accused of those crimes. In total the United States indicted 183 defendants in 12 subsequent Nuremberg trials. These trials resulted in 12 imposed death sentences, 8 life sentences and 77 terms of imprisonment. Other defendants were acquitted. As a result of postwar clemency, many sentences were later commuted to shorter terms by the reviewing authorities, or the convicted individual was released as a result of time already served.
The 12 subsequent trials were: Case #1, The Medical Case; Case #2, The Milch Case; Case #3, The Justice Case; Case #4, The Pohl Case; Case #5, The Flick Case; Case #6, The I.G. Farben Case; Case #7, The Hostage Case; Case #8, The RuSHA Case; Case #9, The Einsatzgruppen Case; Case #10, The Krupp Case; Case #11, The Ministries Case; Case #12, The High Command Case.