Defendant Adolf Eichmann takes notes during his trial in Jerusalem in 1961.
Israel Government Press Office
Evidence collected for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg pointed to a man named Adolf Eichmann as the mastermind behind the planning and implementation of the “Final Solution” to murder the Jews of Europe. Eichmann had eluded capture after the war.
In 1960, Eichmann was living in Argentina with his wife and three sons when Israeli agents kidnapped him and flew him to Israel to stand trial. After a dramatic and emotional trial, Eichmann was indicted on 15 counts, including crimes against humanity and crimes against the Jewish people. He was found guilty on all counts and sentenced to death, the only time the State of Israel has invoked capital punishment. The televised trial provoked international attention and controversy as well as a reexamination not only of the crimes of the Holocaust, but also of the perpetrators and the very nature of evil.